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Water Supply of Accra, with Emphasis on Sachet Water.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering, Water Management.
2011 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This project seeks to assess the impact of the sachet water industry on the health, socio-economic and the environmental situation of the inhabitants of Accra, the capital city of Ghana.

In addressing the situation, the driving forces which have fuelled the shift of consum-er taste from the normal tap water and the traditional hand-tied-ice water products to the plastic sachet water (commonly known in as "Pure Water") are identified. Lack of access to continuous flow of improved water and the perceived poor quality of the urban water supply system as results of poor management structure are identified as some of the factors for the shift in consumers’ taste for plastic sachet and bottled drinking water.

The quality of the plastic sachet is also assessed through the review of previous research results. These are confirmed by laboratory analysis of about six brands of plastic sachet water and two brands bottled drinking water. The laboratory analysis carried out assessed the microbial, physical and chemical quality of the various samples. To assess the health impacts of the products, the results from the analysis are compared with WHO guideline values and other international guideline values.

Questionnaires are also administered to ascertain the socio-economic impacts of the products on the life of the young men and women as well sachet water manufacturers.

From this, some measures are suggested as to how to mitigate the activities of the sachet water business to reduce its negative effects on the health, the environment and the socio-economic status of the inhabitants of the city.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 70 p.
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; LWR-EX-11-12
Keyword [en]
Urban water supply; Sachet drinking water; Microbial quality; Chemical quality; Health impacts; Environmental and socio-economic impacts
National Category
Water Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-99333OAI: diva2:541944
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Technology
Available from: 2012-07-26 Created: 2012-07-26 Last updated: 2012-07-26Bibliographically approved

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