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Climate and Environmental Changes in Northeastern Thailand - The Record of Lake Pa Kho.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Lake Pa Kho is a fresh water lake in Northeastern Thailand, where the East Asian summer monsoon prevails. The monsoon climate and associated variability has tremendous impacts on the life and environmental aspects of the region. In this study, climate and palaeo-environmental history of Lake Pa Kho has been extracted from geochemical proxy indices during the Holocene time. Geochemical variables like total organic carbon (TOC), total nitrogen (TN), atomic Carbon-Nitrogen ratio (C/N) of organic matter, stable isotope fractionations (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S) and radiocarbon 14C dating of the lake sedimentary core samples were analyzed during the past >7000 cal yr BP in terms of palaeo-climate interpretation. The Loss-on-ignition (LOI%) curve, TOC% value, higher C/N ratio indicate that organic materials in lake sediments has been mostly derived from terrestrial sources. δ13C value supports the terrestrial source of organic matter. TN% and δ15N value indicate low organic productivity in the lake. δ34S value indicate possible anoxic condition in the bottom of the lake due to lowering water level. Lower Aquatic productivity and deposition of organic material from terrestrial sources show that the lake was shallow and dry climate condition prevailed at ~7000 to 2000 cal yr BP due to weak monsoon precipitation. Moreover, monsoon played a significant role in controlling the lake level and overall Aquatic productivity.

Progressive lowering of water level due to a lack in precipitation might have transformed the lake into a wetland and subsequently into a peatland at around 1500 cal yr BP. A possible explanation for the gradual shift up to 200 cal yr BP might be invasion of terrestrial vegetation from the surrounding catchment sources due to weak monsoon intensity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 30 p.
, TRITA-LWR Degree Project, ISSN 1651-064X ; LWR-EX-12-23
Keyword [en]
Lake Pa Kho; Monsoon variability; Lake sediments; Geochemical variables; 14C dating; Northeastern Thailand
National Category
Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-99348OAI: diva2:541970
Educational program
Degree of Master - Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Infrastructure
Available from: 2012-07-26 Created: 2012-07-26 Last updated: 2012-07-26Bibliographically approved

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