Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Ab initio Based O-O Investigation and the Snoek Relaxation in Nb-O
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Applied Material Physics.
2012 (English)In: Diffusion and Defect Data Pt.B: Solid State Phenomena, Trans Tech Publications Inc., 2012, Vol. 184, 63-68 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is common knowledge that interstitial-interstitial interaction influence on the Snoek relaxation. We used a computer simulation of this effect in the Nb-O alloy to test the adequacy of various models of the O-O interaction and clarify the mechanism of this effect The energy calculations in the first twelve coordination shells have been performed by the projector augmentedwave (PAW) method as implemented in the Vienna ab initio simulation package (VASP). The energies have been calculated in different ways which vary in the method of determination the energy of non-interacting O-O pairs. The energies calculated on the various variants are similar but in one case there is O-O repulsion in all first twelve coordination shells, whereas in another one can see attraction in four of twelve shells. Internal friction Q -1 was calculated as a sum of the contributions from individual interstitial atoms in different environments, each of which being assumed to be the Debye function. It is assumed that long-range interaction of oxygen atoms affects the distribution of these atoms and the energy of each interstitial atom in the octahedral interstices before a jump and after a jump. The Monte Carlo method is used for simulating short-range order of interstitial atoms and for calculating values of energy changes. Comparison of the calculated temperature and concentration dependence of the Snoek peak with the published data showed that the PAW supercell calculation of the O-O interactions in Nb describes the behavior of the interstitial solid solution adequately. It proves also that the impact of interstitial atom concentration on the Snoek relaxation is connected to the mutual attraction of these atoms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trans Tech Publications Inc., 2012. Vol. 184, 63-68 p.
, Solid State Phenomena, ISSN 1012-0394
Keyword [en]
Ab initio calculations, Internal friction, Niobium, O-O interaction, Snoek relaxation, Ab initio, Common knowledge, Concentration dependence, Coordination shells, Debye function, Energy calculation, Energy changes, Interstitial atoms, Long range interactions, Octahedral interstices, Oxygen atom, Projector augmentedwave methods, Short range orders, Supercell calculations, Vienna ab-initio simulation packages, Atoms, Computer simulation, Monte Carlo methods, Tribology, Calculations
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-99959DOI: 10.4028/ 000303086400008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84856157226ISBN: 978-303785338-2OAI: diva2:542716
16th International Conference on Internal Friction and Mechanical Spectroscopy, ICIFMS-16;Lausanne;3 July 2011 through 8 July 2011
QC 20120803Available from: 2012-08-03 Created: 2012-08-02 Last updated: 2012-08-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ruban, Andrei V.
By organisation
Applied Material Physics
Physical Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 11 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link