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On the generation of steady streamwise streaks in flat-plate boundary layers
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3251-8328
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mechanics. KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Centres, Linné Flow Center, FLOW.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 0022-1120, E-ISSN 1469-7645, Vol. 698, 211-234 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A study on the generation and development of high-amplitude steady streamwise streaks in a flat-plate boundary layer is presented. High-amplitude streamwise streaks are naturally present in many bypass transition scenarios, where they play a fundamental role in the breakdown to turbulence process. On the other hand, recent experiments and numerical simulations have shown that stable laminar streamwise streaks of alternating low and high speed are also capable of stabilizing the growth of Tollmien-Schlichting waves as well as localized disturbances and to delay transition. The larger the streak amplitude is, for a prescribed spanwise periodicity of the streaks, the stronger is the stabilizing mechanism. Previous experiments have shown that streaks of amplitudes up to 12 % of the free stream velocity can be generated by means of cylindrical roughness elements. Here we explore the possibility of generating streaks of much larger amplitude by using a row of miniature vortex generators (MVGs) similar to those used in the past to delay or even prevent boundary layer separation. In particular, we present a boundary layer experiment where streak amplitudes exceeding 30 % have been produced without having any secondary instability acting on them. Furthermore, the associated drag with the streaky base flow is quantified, and it is demonstrated that the streaks can be reinforced by placing a second array of MVGs downstream of the first one. In this way it is possible to make the control more persistent in the downstream direction. It must be pointed out that the use of MVGs opens also the possibility to set up a control method that acts twofold in the sense that both transition and separation are delayed or even prevented.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 698, 211-234 p.
Keyword [en]
boundary layer control, boundary layer separation, boundary layer stability, Boundary-layer control, Boundary-layer separation, Bypass transition, Control methods, Flat plate, Free-stream velocity, Layer stability, Roughness elements, Secondary instability, Streaky base flow, Tollmien-Schlichting waves, Vortex generators, Experiments, Separation, Boundary layers, baseflow, boundary layer, drag, laminar flow, periodicity, steady flow, turbulence, vortex flow
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100068DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2012.80ISI: 000302963800012ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84859947275OAI: diva2:542738
EU, European Research Council
QC 20120803Available from: 2012-08-03 Created: 2012-08-03 Last updated: 2012-08-03Bibliographically approved

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Fransson, JensTalamelli, Alessandro
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MechanicsLinné Flow Center, FLOW
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