On-line gas chromatographic analysis of higher alcohol synthesis products from syngas
2012 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1247, 134-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An on-line gas chromatographic (GC) system has been developed for rapid and accurate product analysis in catalytic conversion of syngas (a mixture of H-2 and CO) to alcohols, so called "higher alcohol synthesis (HAS)". Conversion of syngas to higher alcohols is an interesting second step in the route of converting coal, natural gas and possibly biomass to liquid alcohol fuel and chemicals. The presented GC system and method are developed for analysis of the products formed from syngas using alkali promoted MoS2 catalysts, however it is not limited to these types of catalysts. During higher alcohol synthesis not only the wanted short alcohols (similar to C-2-C-5) are produced, but also a great number of other products in smaller or greater amounts, they are mainly short hydrocarbons (olefins, paraffins, branched, non-branched), aldehydes, esters and ketones as well as CO2, H2O. Trace amounts of sulfur-containing compounds can also be found in the product effluent when sulfur-containing catalysts are used and/or sulfur-containing syngas is feed. In the presented GC system, most of them can be separated and analyzed within 60 min without the use of cryogenic cooling. Previously, product analysis in "higher alcohol synthesis" has in most cases been carried out partly on-line and partly off-line, where the light gases (gases at room temp) are analyzed on-line and liquid products (liquid at room temp) are collected in a trap for later analysis off-line. This method suffers from many drawbacks compared to a complete on-line GC system. In this paper an on-line system using an Agilent 7890 gas chromatograph equipped with two flame ionization detectors (FID) and a thermal conductivity detector (TCD), together with an Agilent 6890 with sulfur chemiluminescence dual plasma detector (SCD) is presented. A two-dimensional GC system with Deans switch (heart-cut) and two capillary columns (HP-FFAP and HP-Al2O3) was used for analysis of the organic products on the FIDs. Light inorganic gases (H-2, CO, CO2, N-2) and methane were separated on packed columns and quantified with the TCD. The "sulfur GC" was optimized for on-line trace level sulfur analysis in hydrocarbon matrices and used to understand to which degree sulfur is released from the catalyst and incorporated into the liquid product, and if so in which form. The method provides excellent quantitative measurements with a carbon material balance near 99.5% (carbon in/carbon out) for individual measurement points.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 1247, 134-145 p.
On-line analysis, Higher alcohol synthesis, 2D heart-cut GC, Sulfur chemiluminescence detector, Oxygenates, Hydrocarbons
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100158DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2012.05.060ISI: 000306246100017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84862757525OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-100158DiVA: diva2:543048
QC 201208062012-08-062012-08-062015-01-15Bibliographically approved