Electrochemical properties of nanocrystalline LiFe xMn 2-xO 4 (x = 0.2-1.0) cathode particles prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method
2012 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 76, 368-374 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The nanocrystalline LiFe xMn 2-xO 4 (x = 0.2-1.0) particles were prepared by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis method using nitrate salts of ingredients at 800Â°C in air atmosphere. Particle properties were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy. Besides, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic tests were performed to investigate the effects of the iron substituent amount on electrochemical behavior. Particle characterization studies show that nanocrystalline particles have spinel structure and they are in submicron size range with spherical morphology. The lowest iron doped sample (LiFe 0.2Mn 1.8O 4) exhibits 117 mAh g -1 cumulative discharge capacity at 0.5 C and 88% capacity retention for 4 V plateau after 50 cycles. At higher iron concentrations, substituent tends to occupy the 8a tetrahedral sites, which prevent the lithium transport in the lattice during charge-discharge process. Increasing of the iron amount in the spinel structure causes the deterioration of the electrochemical performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 76, 368-374 p.
Cathode, Lithium ion batteries, Nanostructure, Spinel, Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100292DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2012.05.052ISI: 000306621200048ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84863000744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-100292DiVA: diva2:543205
QC 201507212012-08-072012-08-062015-07-21Bibliographically approved