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Structural behaviour of mixed cationic surfactant micelles: A small-angle neutron scattering study
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, ISSN 0021-9797, E-ISSN 1095-7103, Vol. 381, no 1, 89-99 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Self-assembly in mixtures of two single-chain cationic surfactants, with different tail lengths (CTAB and DTAB) as well as of a single-chain (DTAB) and a double-chain (DDAB) cationic surfactant, with identical tail lengths, have been investigated with small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) and rationalised in terms of bending elasticity properties. The growth behaviour of micelles with respect to surfactant composition appears completely different in the two surfactant mixtures. DTAB form small oblate spheroidal micelles in presence of [NaBr]. =. 0.1. M that transform into prolate spheroidal mixed CTAB/DTAB micelles upon adding moderate amounts of CTAB, so as to give a mole fraction . y=. 0.20 in solution. Most unexpectedly, upon further addition of CTAB the mixed CTAB/DTAB micelles grow with an almost equal rate in both length and width directions to form tablets. In contrast to this behaviour, mixed DDAB/DTAB micelles grow virtually exclusively in the length direction, in presence of [NaBr]. =. 0.1. M, to form elongated ellipsoidal (tablet-shaped) and subsequently long wormlike micelles as the fraction of DDAB in the micelles increases. Mixed DDAB/DTAB micelles grow to become as long as 2000. å before an abrupt transition to large bilayer structures occurs. This means that the micelles are much longer at the micelle-to-bilayer transition as compared to the same mixture in absence of added salt. It is found that the point of transition from micelles to bilayers is significantly shifted towards higher fractions of aggregated DTAB as an appreciable amount of salt is added to DDAB/DTAB mixtures, indicating a considerable reduction of the spontaneous curvature with an increasing [NaBr]. By means of deducing the various bending elasticity constants from our experimental results, according to a novel approach by ours, we are able to conclude that the different growth behaviours appear as a consequence of a considerably lower bending rigidity, as well as higher saddle-splay constant, for DDAB/DTAB surfactant mixtures in presence of [NaBr]. =. 0.1. M, as compared to mixtures of CTAB/DTAB in [NaBr]. =. 0.1. M and DDAB/DTAB in absence of added salt.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 381, no 1, 89-99 p.
Keyword [en]
Bending elasticity, Mixed micelles, Small-angle neutron scattering, Surfactants
National Category
Chemical Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100280DOI: 10.1016/j.jcis.2012.05.015ISI: 000306533800013ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84863001138OAI: diva2:543251
Swedish Research CouncilEU, European Research Council, N 226507-NMI3
QC 20120807Available from: 2012-08-07 Created: 2012-08-06 Last updated: 2012-08-17Bibliographically approved

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Bergström, Magnus
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