Planning of an Environmental Management System ISO 14001 at Metro Steel Ltd., Tanzania: Minor Field Study 2008/09
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
An Environmental Management System (EMS) is a set of elements used to develop and implement an organization’s environmental policy and manage its environmental aspects. The implementation of an EMS according to the ISO 14001 standard is expected to bring business benefits such as cost savings, improved corporate image and a framework for continual improvement of environmental performance. Corporate sustainability issues and the implementation of international standards are a growing trend in the Western countries but may not be a priority in developing economies. Many Tanzanian companies do not consider improved environmental management practices as a crucial role in becoming more competitive but rather an additional cost.
The purpose of this paper is to plan for the implementation of an EMS according to ISO 14001 at the metal scrap recycling company Metro Steel Ltd. in Dar es Salaam, adapted to the prerequisites for environmental management in the Tanzanian industry and to the specific conditions at Metro Steel Ltd. Metro Steel Ltd. has from its start not been operating either environmentally sound or in an acceptable way from a health and safety perspective. As a result of the company’s bad performance the plant had to close down its operations during one month in 2005. The company was hence pressured to improve its environmental performance as well as their performance relating to health and safety in order to continue its operations. Until today some issues have been improved but there is still a long way to go for the company to reach an acceptable performance. To ensure improved performance, the need for an EMS has been identified and demanded by the authorities.
The planning starts with an Initial Environmental Review (IER). This contains the necessary information to enable the formation of an EMS. It highlights the environmental aspects that arise from the business. In this case of Metro Steel Ltd. the environmental performance has been identified to be severely inadequate and so the environmental aspects are many and significant. The results from the IER indicate that it will take a long time to establish an EMS at Metro Steel Ltd. Based on the results of the IER an Environmental Policy, a set of environmental Objectives and Targets and an Action Plan for the company to achieve these Objectives and Targets have been proposed. In each step the specific conditions at Metro Steel Ltd. and the prerequisites for environmental management in the Tanzanian industry have been taken into consideration.
While planning for the EMS implementation at Metro Steel Ltd. challenges beyond expectations were revealed. The conditions for environmental management at Metro Steel Ltd. showed to be very poor, like generally in the Tanzanian industry. Obstacles such as very low awareness about environmental issues, few incentives for implementation and weak guidelines and regulations affected the planning and will so also affect the implementation of the EMS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 105 p.
Trita-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2009:05
Environmental Management System ISO 14001, environmental management, Tanzania, developing country, recycling, metal scrap
Engineering and Technology Environmental Analysis and Construction Information Technology Environmental Management
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100918OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-100918DiVA: diva2:545834
Subject / course
Master of Science - Sustainable Technology
Nilsson, Lennart, Senior lecturerMasanja, Enock, Dr.
Brandt, Nils, Associate professor