A review of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stack testing
2011 (English)In: Journal of Power Sources, ISSN 0378-7753, Vol. 196, no 2, 601-613 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
This paper presents an overview of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) stack testing. Stack testing is critical for evaluating and demonstrating the viability and durability required for commercial applications. Single cell performance cannot be employed alone to fully derive the expected performance of PEMFC stacks, due to the non-uniformity in potential, temperature, and reactant and product flow distributions observed in stacks. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive review of the state-of-the art in PEMFC testing. We discuss the main topics of investigation, including single cell vs. stack-level performance, cell voltage uniformity, influence of operating conditions, durability and degradation, dynamic operation, and stack demonstrations. We also present opportunities for future work, including the need to verify the impact of stack size and cell voltage uniformity on performance, determine operating conditions for achieving a balance between electrical efficiency and flooding/dry-out, meet lifetime requirements through endurance testing, and develop a stronger understanding of degradation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 196, no 2, 601-613 p.
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell, PEMFC, Stack testing, Fuel cell performance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-100981DOI: 10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.07.072ISI: 000282929500001ScopusID: 2-s2.0-77956871167OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-100981DiVA: diva2:546112
QC 201208222012-08-222012-08-222012-08-22Bibliographically approved