Dynamic Coupling of Computational Fluid Dynamics and Thermodynamics Software: Applied on a Top Blown Converter
2008 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, Vol. 48, no 2, 147-153 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A novel modeling approach is presented where a computational fluid dynamics software is coupled to thermodynamic databases to obtain dynamic simulations of metallurgical process phenomena. The modeling approach has been used on a fundamental model of a top-blown converter. Reactions between gas-steel, gas-slag, steel-slag and gas-steel-slag have been considered. The results show that the mass transport in the surface area is totally controlled by convection. Also, that a large amount of CO produced during the decarburization might slow down the rate of decarburization in droplets ejected from the bath. For the present simulation conditions reflecting laboratory experiments, it was also seen that the amount of slag (FeO and/or SiO2) created is close to zero, i.e. only gas (CO+CO2) is created as the oxygen jet hits the steel bath. It was also illustrated how an extrapolation of the decarburization rate, sampled from a few seconds of simulation, could be done to get a rough estimate of the carbon content at a later stage in the process as long as the carbon content is relatively high. The overall conclusion is that it is possible to make a dynamic coupling of the Thermo-Calc databases and a CFD software to make dynamic simulations of metallurgical processes such as a top-blown converter.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 48, no 2, 147-153 p.
BOF; CFD; thermodynamics; modeling; slag and dynamic simulations.
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9308DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.48.147ISI: 000253367000005ScopusID: 2-s2.0-42349113835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9308DiVA: diva2:54644
QC 201007202008-10-172008-10-172010-07-20Bibliographically approved