Dynamic Modeling of Steel, Slag and Gas Reactions during Initial Blowing in a Top-Blown Converter
2008 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
A dynamic modeling approach is presented where a computational fluid dynamics software is coupled to a thermodynamics software to obtain simulations of reactions between steel, slag and gas in a top-blown converter. For each simulation the transport of momentum, energy and mass of species as well as the thermodynamic equilibrium in each cell containing at least two phases was treated. The overall conclusion is that the present calculation procedure is successful for dynamic simulations of interaction between an oxygen gas jet with a melt and a slag. The predicted rate of decarburization was found to agree well with experimental data from laboratory trials. In addition, four cases where simulated for which the temperature, the dissolved carbon content and the dissolved oxygen content were varied. The most important findings from these comparisons were that: i) a higher initial oxygen concentration in the melt yields a larger decarburization rate, ii) carbon content also plays a big role for the desiliconization where a low carbon content is required for desiliconization to take place, iii) decarburization and desiliconization is largely influenced by the temperature at which reactions take place, where low temperature favors desiliconization and iv) the region affected by a lower carbon/silicon concentration (hot-spot region) directly below the jet was approximately 10 mm for the current setup.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
converter, CFD, thermodynamics, modeling, slag, gas
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-9309OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-9309DiVA: diva2:54645
QS 201203142008-10-172008-10-172012-03-14Bibliographically approved