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CFD analyses of the gas flow inside the vessel of a hot isostatic press
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Hot isostatic pressing (HIP) is a thermal treatment method that is used to consolidate, densify or bondcomponents and materials. Argon gas is commonly used as the pressure medium and is isostaticallyapplied to the material with an excess pressure of 500-2000 bar and a temperature of 500-2200oC. WithHIP treatment being a well-established technology for the last decades, one is now striving to obtain anincreased understanding of local details in the internal gas flow and heat flux inside the HIP apparatus.The main objective of this work is to assess the potential of using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) asa reliable tool for future HIP development. Two simulations are being performed of which the first one isa steady-state analysis of a phase in the HIP-cycle called sustained state. The second simulation is atransient analysis, aiming to describe the cooling phase in the HIP-cycle. The most suitable modelingapproaches are determined through testing and evaluation of methods, models, discretization schemes andother solver parameters. To validate the sustained state simulation, the solution is compared tomeasurements of operating pressure, heat dissipation rate out through the HIP vessel and localtemperature by the vessel wall. However, no validation of the cooling simulations has been conducted. Asensitivity analysis was also performed, from which it could be established that a mesh refinement ofstrong temperature gradients resulted in an increase of wall heat dissipation rate by 1.8%. Both of thesimulation models have shown to yield satisfactory solutions that are consistent with the reality. With theachieved results, CFD has now been introduced into the HIP field and the presented modeling methodsmay serve as guidelines for future simulations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
CFD, hot isostatic press, computational fluid dynamics, numerical methods, furnace, pressurized gas, vessel, rapid cooling
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-101168OAI: diva2:546663
Subject / course
Energy Technology
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Design and Product Realisation
2012-06-05, M273, Brinellvägen 68, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2012-08-27 Created: 2012-08-24 Last updated: 2012-08-27Bibliographically approved

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