Effect of vacuum degassing on non-metallic inclusions in an ASEA-SKF ladle furnace
2013 (English)In: Ironmaking & steelmaking, ISSN 0301-9233, Vol. 40, no 6, 470-477 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of this research was to study non-metallic inclusions during vacuum degassing in an ASEA-SKF ladle furnace. Five steel and top slag samples were taken before, during and after vacuum degassing for chemical analysis and scanning electron microscopy. It was concluded that the average CaO/Al2O3 ratios in the top slags became close to the phase C3A. The average CaO/Al2O3 ratios in the inclusions of this study were close to the phase CA6, but at the end of degassing, the average CaO/Al2O3 ratios in the calcium aluminates by subtracting the Al amounts of the inclusions that were assumed to form spinel phases with the available Mg amounts in the inclusions were situated between the phases C12A7 and C3A. By decreasing the S and Al contents of molten steel and at [S]3.[Al]2 less than around 10−7 , the ratio of calcium aluminates to spinels increased continously. It was finally concluded that by increasing the Ca amount in inclusions, their equivalent circle diameters grew, and their aspect ratios went toward unity, and when the amount of Ca measured in the inclusions was more than 25 wt-%, inclusions with bigger equivalent circle diameters appeared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Maney Publishing, 2013. Vol. 40, no 6, 470-477 p.
Calcium aluminate; Vacuum degassing; ECD; Spinel; SEM analysis; Non-metallic inclusions
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-101471DOI: 10.1179/174328113X13711140547880ISI: 000322793600010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84883268385OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-101471DiVA: diva2:547873
QC 201309092012-08-292012-08-292013-09-09Bibliographically approved