Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
State of degradation in archeological oak from the 17th century vasa ship: Substantial strength loss correlates with reduction in (holo)cellulose molecular weight
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 13, no 8, 2521-2527 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In 1628, the Swedish warship Vasa capsized on her maiden voyage and sank in the Stockholm harbor. The ship was recovered in 1961 and, after polyethylene glycol (PEG) impregnation, it was displayed in the Vasa museum. Chemical investigations of the Vasa were undertaken in 2000, and extensive holocellulose degradation was reported at numerous locations in the hull. We have now studied the longitudinal tensile strength of Vasa oak as a function of distance from the surface. The PEG-content, wood density, and cellulose microfibril angle were determined. The molar mass distribution of holocellulose was determined as well as the acid and iron content. A good correlation was found between the tensile strength of the Vasa oak and the average molecular weight of the holocellulose, where the load-bearing cellulose microfibril is the critical constituent. The mean tensile strength is reduced by approximately 40%, and the most affected areas show a reduction of up to 80%. A methodology is developed where variations in density, cellulose microfibril angle, and PEG content are taken into account, so that cell wall effects can be evaluated in wood samples with different rate of impregnation and morphologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 13, no 8, 2521-2527 p.
Keyword [en]
Wood Cell-Walls, Warship Vasa, Mechanical-Properties, Microfibril Angle, Cellulose, Fibers, Pulps, Iron, Acid
National Category
Wood Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-101515DOI: 10.1021/bm3007456ISI: 000307422300035ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84864995089OAI: diva2:549680
Swedish Research Council

QC 20120905

Available from: 2012-09-05 Created: 2012-08-30 Last updated: 2012-09-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bjurhager, IngelaHalonen, HelenaIversen, TommyGamstedt, E. KristoferBerglund, Lars A.
By organisation
Fibre and Polymer TechnologyWallenberg Wood Science Center
In the same journal
Wood Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 87 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link