The DPSIR Framework and a Pressure-Oriented Water Quality Monitoring Approach to Ecological River Restoration
2012 (English)In: Water, ISSN 2073-4441, Vol. 4, no 3, 670-682 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Without monitoring anthropogenic pressures on the water environment, it is difficult to set realistic river restoration targets in relation to water quality. Therefore a more holistic approach is needed to systematically explore the links between socio-economic drivers and observed water quality-related impacts on river ecosystems. Using the DPSIR (Drivers-Pressures-State of the Environment-Impacts-Responses) framework, this study linked ecological river restoration with the socio-economic sector, with the focus on promoting a pressure-oriented water quality monitoring system. Based on the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) and relevant literature, it was found that most water quality-related indicators employed today are state/impacts-oriented, while very few are pressure-oriented. As a response, we call for more attention to a DPR (Drivers-Pressures-Responses) framework in developing an industrial ecology-based pressure-oriented water quality monitoring system for aiding ecological river restoration planning. This approach is characterized in general by accounting for material-related flows throughout the socio-economic sector in relation to river ecosystem degradation. Then the obtained information would help decision makers take appropriate measures to alleviate various significant human-induced wastes and emissions at their sources. We believe that such a pressure-oriented monitoring system will substantially complement traditional state/impacts-oriented environmental and ecological monitoring and help develop more proactive planning and decision-making processes for specific river restoration projects and general water quality management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Switzerland, 2012. Vol. 4, no 3, 670-682 p.
DPSIR, DPR, industrial ecology, monitoring, river restoration, water quality
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102395DOI: 10.3390/w4030670ISI: 000312255800010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84878676260OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-102395DiVA: diva2:552606
QC 201209262012-09-262012-09-142013-01-08Bibliographically approved