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Geological sources of fluoride and acceptable intake of fluoride in an endemic fluorosis area, southern Iran
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Land and Water Resources Engineering.
2012 (English)In: Environmental Geochemistry and Health, ISSN 0269-4042, E-ISSN 1573-2983, Vol. 34, no 5, 641-650 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study is the first attempt to put forward possible source(s) of fluoride in the Dashtestan area, Bushehr Province, southern Iran. In response to reports on the high incidence of dental fluorosis, 35 surface and groundwater samples were collected and analysed for fluoride. The results indicate that dissolved fluoride in the study area is above the maximum permissible limit recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). An additional 35 soil and rock samples were also collected and analysed for fluoride, and rock samples were subjected to petrographic investigations and X-ray diffraction. The results of these analyses show that the most likely source for fluoride in the groundwater is from clay minerals (chlorite) and micas (muscovite, sericite, and biotite) in the soils and rocks in the area. We also note that due to the high average temperatures all year round and excessive water consumption in the area, the optimum fluoride dose level should be lower than that recommended by the WHO.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 34, no 5, 641-650 p.
Keyword [en]
Dental fluorosis, Groundwater, Geological source, Iran, Optimum dose of fluoride
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102609DOI: 10.1007/s10653-012-9451-5ISI: 000307711000008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84865420073OAI: diva2:555657

QC 20120921

Available from: 2012-09-21 Created: 2012-09-21 Last updated: 2012-09-21Bibliographically approved

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