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Understanding the Recycling Behaviour of Householders in Multicultural Urban Areas:Case Study Järva, Stockholm
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology.
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Separating household waste into fractions at source is a common method of household waste collection in most European countries. In 1994 Sweden introduced producer liability legislation for packaging, which requires householders to sort, clean and recycle different types of packaging waste. The recycling behaviour of householders is complex and diverse and has been widely investigated. However, the recycling behaviour of householders living in multicultural urban areas has received less attention. Therefore, little is known about the recycling behaviour and attitudes of the ethnic minorities that comprise a sizeable proportion of many urban populations.

This thesis examined recycling behaviour among multicultural householders in the urban area of Järva, north-west Stockholm, Sweden, which is home to a significant proportion of immigrants from different parts of the world. Three practical studies were conducted on the recycling behaviour of householders, with data collected through literature reviews, field screening studies for relevant cases, postal surveys and in-depth interviews with householders.

A meta-analysis of studies on householder recycling behaviour published in the period 1990-2010 provided a conceptual framework for explaining recycling behaviour. It also revealed some specific features of the determining factors of recycling behaviour among householders in multicultural urban areas. For example, despite self-reported high levels of environmental concern among multicultural respondents in Järva, recycling behaviour was not determined by this factor but by attitudes towards recycling. The data also showed that the most widespread reason for participating in recycling schemes was acceptance of legal norms. The interview study indicated that providing clear, understandable and easily accessible written information in ethnic languages, supported by “word-of-mouth” information, would probably increase participation by Järva householders in recycling schemes. However, lifestyle and the ethnic origins of householders also influenced their waste generation and recycling behaviour.

The methodological improvements presented here can help develop future strategies targeted at increasing the waste management behaviour of the important multicultural urban group, while also ensuring that limited resources are effectively used.

Abstract [es]

La separación de la basura doméstica en fracciones en el lugar donde se genera es uno de los métodos más comunes de recogida en la mayoría de países europeos. En 1994 se introdujo una ordenanza en Suecia sobre la responsabilidad del productor en el empaquetado. Esta ordenanza encomienda a los habitantes de las viviendas a clasificar los residuos, limpiarlos y clasificarlos en diferentes tipos. El comportamiento hacia el reciclaje de los habitantes es complejo y diverso al igual que otros comportamientos mediombientales y ha sido investigado en numerosas ocasiones. Desafortunadamente, este comportamiento cara al reciclaje en áreas urbanas multiculturales ha recibido poca atención y se conoce poco sobre la actitud hacia el reciclaje de las minorías étnicas que forman parte de la población urbana de Suecia.

Esta tesis examina el comportamiento hacia el reciclaje entre los habitantes de una zona urbana multicultural del Noroeste de Estocolmo, Järva, en Suecia, en la que residen una proporción significante de inmigrantes procedentes de diferentes partes del mundo. Se han llevado a cabo tres estudios prácticos sobre el comportamiento hacia el reciclaje incluyendo datos recogidos en la bibliografía revisada, estudios de campo en algunos casos relevantes, encuestas a través de correo ordinario y entrevistas en profundidad con los habitantes.

Los resultado del meta-análisis realizado sobre la actitud hacia el reciclaje publicados durante el periodo 1990-2010 indican un marco conceptual para la explicación de las formas de reciclaje. Sin embargo, los resultados de nuestro estudio revelan algunas especificidades en factores sobre el reciclaje en los habitantes de zonas multiculturales. Nuestros datos demuestran que, a pesar de un elevado nivel de compromiso medioambiental según las respuestas de los habitantes de Järva, el reciclaje no está determinado por este factor. Al contrario, las actitudes hacia el reciclaje tienen una correlación positiva y determinan los comportamientos entre los habitantes de Järva. Se ha demostrado que la principal razón para reciclar es la legalidad vigente. Los resultados de las entrevistas sugieren que una oferta clara, comprensible y de fácil acceso redactada en las diferentes lenguas de los grupos étnicos al igual que apoyada por la información transmitida “boca a boca” influiría en la participación de los habitantes de Järva. Los resultados han puesto de manifiesto que el estilo de vida y la diversidad étnica de la población influyen en la generación de residuos y el reciclaje.

Esta tesis contribuye a un desarrollo metodológico que será útil para el futuro desarrollo de estrategias orientadas en la gestión de residuos al igual que asegurar un uso eficiente de los recursos.

Abstract [ru]

Разделение бытовых отходов является распространенным методом сбора бытовых отходов в большенстве европейских стран.  В 1994 году Швеция ввела законодательную ответственность производителей упаковки, которая включает требование раздельной сортировки упаковочного материяла населением для последующей ее переработки. Вопрос мотивации и участия населения в раздельном сборе бытовых отходов является сложным и многосторонним и был широко исследован. Тем не менее исследованию поведения и мотивации жителей многокультурных городских районов уделялось значительно меньше внимания. Мало что известо о мотивах участия в раздельном сборе бытовых отходов в отношении этнических меньшинств, которые составляют значительную часть городских мегаполисов.

Данный тезис рассматривает мотивацию и участие населения в раздельном сборе бытовых отходов в многокультурном городском районе Järva, расположенном на северо-западе Стокгольма (Швеция). Järva  явлается домом для большого числа иммигрантов из разных частей мира. Было проделанно три исследования по изучению участия населения в раздельном сборе бытовых отходов. Данные были собраны с помощью обозрений опубликованной литературы, непосредственного изучения поведения населения, анкетирования и развернутых интервью.

С помощью мета-анализа литературы опубликованной в период с 1990 по 2010 годы были выделены концептуальные основы для обьяснения участия населения в раздельном сборе бытовых отходов. Также были выявлени характерные черты определяющие мотивы для участия населения из многонациональных городских районов. Не смотря на выявленный высокий уровень экологической обеспокоенности среди населения многокультурного района  Järva, участие в раздельном сборе мусора не определяется этим фактором. Тогда как персональная мотивация по отношению к  вторичной переработки отходов является движущим фактором к участию. Наиболее распространенной причиной для участия в раздельном сборе отходов стало принятие населением многокультурного района правовых норм. Интервью показали, что доступность ясной, краткой информации на национальных языках, так же как и передающаяся 'из уст в уста' информация увеличивает процент участия населения в раздельном сборе отходов. Тем не менее образ жизни и этническое происхождение влияет на состав произведенных населением отходов и их отношение к вторичной переработке.

Результаты проведенных исследований направленны на усовершенствование будущих стратегий по привлечению населения многокультурных городских районнов к участию в раздельном сборе отходов, а также обеспечение того, что бы ограниченные ресурсы были использованны эффективно.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sweden, Stockholm: US-AB , 2012. , xiii, 35 p.
Series
Trita-IM, ISSN 1402-7615 ; 2012:21
Keyword [en]
Waste management, household waste, recycling behaviour, motivation, multiculturalism, multicultural urban area, social survey
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102503ISBN: 978-91-7501-484-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-102503DiVA: diva2:556893
Presentation
2012-09-27, D3, Lindstedtsvagen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20120927

Available from: 2012-09-27 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2012-09-27Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Recycling behaviour among householders: Synthesizing determinants via a meta-analysis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recycling behaviour among householders: Synthesizing determinants via a meta-analysis
2013 (English)In: Waste and Biomass Valorization, ISSN 1877-2641, Vol. 4, no 2, 221-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A meta-analysis was made of results from previous studies on different variables influencing and determining the recycling behaviour of householders. These studies were conducted by researchers working in various fields in a number of different countries and are published in diverse journals.

We evaluated trends in research outputs in the period 1990-2010, during which the provision of recycling facilities to householders has greatly expanded and requirements have become more extensive and often more complex. Variables affecting the recycling behaviour of householders were classified into four theoretical groups: socio-psychological, technical-organisational, individual socio-demographic and study-specific. These groups (clusters) were identified in a meta-analysis of 63 empirical studies culled from published research. The strongest predictors of householders’ recycling behaviour were identified as being convenience, moral norms, information and environmental concern. The theoretical framework developed can be used to formulate questionnaires and in data analysis. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2013
Keyword
Recycling behaviour, household waste, motivation, meta-analysis
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102507 (URN)10.1007/s12649-012-9144-4 (DOI)000209197400004 ()2-s2.0-84879465842 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20131121

Available from: 2012-09-19 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2015-10-06Bibliographically approved
2. Recycling behaviour of householders living in multicultural urban area: a case study of Järva, Stockholm, Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Recycling behaviour of householders living in multicultural urban area: a case study of Järva, Stockholm, Sweden
2013 (English)In: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 31, no 5, 447-457 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The recycling behaviour of multicultural householders was investigated in the urban area of Jarva, northwest Stockholm, Sweden, which is home to a significant proportion of immigrants from different parts of the world. Different ethnic minorities currently make up an important proportion of the urban population in Sweden, but little is known about their recycling behaviour and attitudes. Using quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (interviews) methodology, possible determinants of recycling behaviour were investigated among Jarva householders. It was found that attitude toward the importance of recycling had a positive correlation and was the main determinant of recycling behaviour among these householders. In contrast, environmental concern, satisfaction with the facilities provided, recycling confidence, community identity and socio-demographical factors showed no correlation with their recycling behaviour. Other results of the study indicated a need to investigate the specific behaviour of multicultural householders regarding source-separated collection and the recycling of hazardous, electronic and bulky wastes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2013
Keyword
Recycling behaviour, household waste, multicultural urban area, multicultural householders, social survey
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102511 (URN)10.1177/0734242X13476746 (DOI)000317931600003 ()2-s2.0-84876731211 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20130603. Updated from submitted to published.

Available from: 2012-09-21 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
3. Comparative Analysis of Household Waste Composition in the Different Districts of Stockholm
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Comparative Analysis of Household Waste Composition in the Different Districts of Stockholm
2011 (English)In: Book of Proceedings of the 1st International Conference: WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities / [ed] CVR- Centro para Valorizacao de Residuos, CVR – Centro para a Valorização de Resíduos , 2011, 481-485 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Separating household waste into fractions at the place where it was generated is one of the most popular methods of collection household waste in most European countries. In 1994 a producer responsibility ordinance for packaging was introduced in Sweden. This ordinance mandates householders to sort out packaging waste, clean the waste and sort different package materials – paper, plastic, glass and metal in assigned recycling bins. Household’s participation is mandatory but in practice it is rarely controlled and enforced.

In our study we have focused our interest on seeing the composition of the “trash bags”, theoretically the rest of the waste after household sorting. The aim of the study was to identify the main fractions of household “trash bags” and the difference in the fraction among 3 different districts in Stockholm, which have practically analogous facilities for separate collection of household waste but rather different socioeconomically characteristics.  The chosen districts were located: one in the downtown and two in the suburb districts, one of which has a big multicultural characteristic due to the big amount of emigrants living there. 

The results of the study show that the biggest fraction from the composition analyses is organic fraction. This fraction is varying from 48% in the multicultural suburban district to 34% in the downtown. These results show the big opportunity for implementation the separate organic waste collection spatially in the suburban areas of Stockholm. The amount of packaging material in the “trash bags” still composes around 28-50%. The composition of the packaging material differs in the 3 districts

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
CVR – Centro para a Valorização de Resíduos, 2011
Keyword
Pick-analysis, household waste, composition
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102509 (URN)978-989-97429-1-8 (ISBN)
Conference
WASTES: Solutions, Treatments and Opportunities. 1st International Conference, September 12-14, 2011, Guimaraes, Portugal
Note

QC 20120919

Available from: 2012-09-19 Created: 2012-09-18 Last updated: 2012-09-27Bibliographically approved

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