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Enforcement of road pricing under weak institutions
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Centres, Centre for Transport Studies, CTS.
2012 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Congestion pricing has been successfully implemented in several cities in the industrialised world, including Singapore, London, Stockholm, and Milan. Those systems are reliant on an extensive institutional framework, including databases of vehicles and personal identities, electronic payment channels, and perhaps most importantly, a cost effective method for ex post debt collection. In a context where such institutional support is weak, e.g. a developing nation or a road network with a large share of international traffic, the existing framework is not fully applicable. This paper suggests a conceptual model for solving these challenges, based on the simple assumption that visiting vehicles will eventually come back to the system, and can be enforced on site when they do. As part of the concept, the vehicles themselves are used as collateral for any unpaid tolls, and the operator is actively selecting which vehicles to target when optimizing enforcement operations. For this conceptual model to function consistently, a few design requirements are identified, related to the technical construction as well as the charging rules and the underpinning legal framework. A formal model is proposed, and finally, the model is implemented in a simulation environment and is calibrated to get an order of magnitude estimate of the most important parameters and the potential benefits of the system.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 28 p.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102933OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-102933DiVA: diva2:557535
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note

QC 20120928

Available from: 2012-09-28 Created: 2012-09-28 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Road Pricing: Standards, Institutions, Costs, and Public Acceptance
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Much has been researched and written about road pricing, and especially how it affects traffic flow, congestion, the environment, and social welfare in general. This doctoral thesis analyses the implementation of road user charges rather than its effects. The dissertation consists of five separate papers, each addressing a subset of the topic. The first paper sheds light on the costs to introduce congestion taxes in Stockholm, and describes how public opinion and political risk lead to a system design that in all likelihood was more expensive than necessary. In the second paper the European regulation on interoperability between road charging system is evaluated from a benefit/cost perspective, which is found to be overly ambitious. Paper three builds upon the second, and suggests a general model for how costs and benefits interact in the case of road charging interoperability. Inpaper four a potential solution is presented for how the practical problems related to enforcement of road charging in an international context or in countries with weak institutions. The fifth and final paper analyses the public opinion of road charges, and especially urban congestion charges, using a survey conducted simultaneously in three European cities.

Abstract [sv]

Mycket har forskats och skrivits kring vägavgifter, och framför allt hur de påverkar trafikströmmar, trängsel, miljö och samhällsnytta. Denna sammanläggningsavhandling analyserar införande av vägavgifter snarare än dess effekter. Avhandlingen består av fem uppsatser som var och en tar sig an en delmängd av området. Den första uppsatsen belyser kostnaderna för införande av trängselskatter i Stockholm, och beskriver hur opinion och politisk risk ledde till en systemdesign som troligen var mer kostsam än nödvändigt. I den andra uppsatsen utvärderas den europeiska lagstiftningen för interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem ifrån ett nytto/kostnads-perspektiv, och finner den alltför ambitiös. Uppsats tre bygger vidare på den andra och föreslår en generell modell för hur kostnader och nyttor samverkar avseende interoperabilitet mellan vägavgiftssystem. I uppsats fyra presenteras en möjlig lösning på hur de praktiska problemen med beivrande av vägavgifter i ett internationellt sammanhang eller i länder med svaga institutioner kan lösas. Den avslutande femte uppsatsenanalyserar allmänhetens attityder till vägavgifter, framför allt urbana trängselavgifter, med hjälp av en enkätundersökning som genomförts samtidigt i tre europeiska städer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. xxix p.
Series
Trita-TSC-PHD, 12:002
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-102755 (URN)978-91-85539-92-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-10-05, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
TrenOp, Transport Research Environment with Novel Perspectives
Note

QC 20120925

Available from: 2012-09-25 Created: 2012-09-25 Last updated: 2013-04-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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