Crystallization and Melting Behavior of Monodisperse Oligomers of epsilon-Caprolactone
2012 (English)In: Journal of macromolecular science. Physics, ISSN 0022-2348, E-ISSN 1525-609X, Vol. 51, no 10, 2075-2092 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Monodisperse epsilon-caprolactone (CL) oligomers with different end groups (t-butyldimethylsilyl, benzyl, hydroxyl, and carboxylic acid) and different numbers of repeating units (4-64) have been studied by differential scanning calorimetry and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) in order to gather information regarding the melting temperature, long period, and melting enthalpy. Oligomers crystallized at their maximum temperatures (different for the different oligomers) to full crystallinity yielded extended-chain crystals for oligomers with 4, 8, and 16 repeating units with the important exception of the oligomers with four and eight repeating units and hydroxyl and benzyl end groups that showed double-layer crystals. Oligomers with 32 and 64 repeating units exhibited remarkably stable once-folded (32-mer) and thrice-folded (64-mer) crystals. Only the oligomer with 16 repeating units showed two crystallization temperature regimes resulting in once-folded crystals (low temperatures) and extended-chain crystals (high temperatures). The end groups had a profound effect on the structures. Hydrogen-bonding groups promoted the formation of crystal bilayers and led to a very high melting enthalpy (150 J g(-1)) exceeding the melting enthalpy of 100% crystalline poly (epsilon-caprolactone). The bulky end groups, in particular t-butyldimethylsilyl, reduced the crystallinity and favored chain tilting and probably preventing the unfolding of crystal stems in the oligomers with 32 and 64 repeating units. Melting temperatures of mature crystals obeyed a linear relationship with inverse CL stem length. The intercept (equilibrium melting temperature) was in the range of 350 to 357 K.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 51, no 10, 2075-2092 p.
end groups, long period, melting, monodisperse, poly-epsilon-caprolactone
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103105DOI: 10.1080/00222348.2012.661678ISI: 000308022800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-103105DiVA: diva2:558701
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2006-3559 2009-3188
QC 201210042012-10-042012-10-042013-01-09Bibliographically approved