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Architectural Education and the Formation of Architects
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, History and Theory of Architecture.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2783-9976
2012 (English)In: Endast webpublicering, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Architectural education has many features in common with art education. Still, in most countries, architecture departments are acting as one-faculty universities, although they might be parts of large organisations; their autonomy partly secures a privileged and secluded, almost monastic character of the department. This means that architectural education has a great impact on the formation of architects. Furthermore, the knowledge of architecture is more or less based on the values implemented during the early years of an architect’s training. Thus, practice, research and education become closely knit together into a systematic relation. Reyner Banham was probably the first historian to acknowledge architectural education as an important factor in the development of modern architecture. In his Theory and Design in the First Machine Age (1960), Banham introduced what might be seen as a hermeneutical triangle, identifying academy, arts & crafts and polytechnics as the main traditions in modern architecture. However, these traditions were received, combined and synthesized in different ways in each country and at each particular school. This explains why both curriculum and pedagogy are seemingly alike in an international comparison, although there might be important differences between the schools, difficult to analyse and acknowledge. A detailed study of the formation of architects from within the profession, taking into account the combined relations of education, research and professional practice does not exist at the moment, although the interest in architectural education is currently resulting in books, projects, seminars and networks of different kinds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Keyword [en]
Art Education, Architectural Education, Formation of Architects, Professional Culture, 20th Century
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103220OAI: diva2:559053
Nordik 2012, Nordic Committee of Art History, Stockholm University October 24–27, 2012
Architects in Formation, subproject to SRE Architecture in Effect
Swedish Research Council Formas

QC 20121211

Available from: 2012-10-06 Created: 2012-10-06 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved

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