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X-ray follow-up observations of the two gamma-ray pulsars PSR J1459-6053 and PSR J1614-2230
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2012 (English)In: Astronomy and Astrophysics, ISSN 0004-6361, E-ISSN 1432-0746, Vol. 544, A108- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims. We have observed two newly detected gamma-ray pulsars, PSR J1459-6053 and PSR J1614-2230, in the X-ray domain with XMM-Newton to try to enlarge the sample of pulsars for which multi-wavelength data exist. We use these data with the aim of understanding the pulsar emission mechanisms of these pulsars. Methods. We analysed the X-ray spectra to determine whether the emission emanates from the neutron star surface (thermal emission) or from the magnetosphere (non-thermal emission) and compared this to the region in the magnetosphere in which the gamma-ray emission is generated. Furthermore, we compared the phase-folded X-ray lightcurves with those in the gamma-ray and, where possible, radio domains, to elicit additional information on the emission sites. Results. J1459-6053 shows X-ray spectra that are best fitted with a power law model with a photon index Gamma = 2.10(-0.85)(+1.24). The gamma-ray data suggest that either the slot gap or the outer gap model may be best to describe the emission from this pulsar. Analysis of the X-ray lightcurve folded on the gamma-ray ephemeris shows modulation at the 3.7 sigma level in the 1.0-4.5 keV domain. Possible alignment of the main gamma-ray and X-ray peaks also supports the interpretation that the emission in the two energy domains emanates from similar regions. The millisecond pulsar J1614-2230 exhibits an X-ray spectrum with a substantial thermal component, where the best-fitting spectral model is either two blackbodies, with kT = 0.15(-0.04)(+0.04) and 0.88(-0.54)(+2.54) keV or a blackbody with similar temperature to the previous cooler component, kT = 0.13(-0.02)(+0.04) keV and a power law component with a photon index Gamma = 1.25-(+2.30)(1.75). The cooler blackbody component is likely to originate from the hot surface at the polar cap. Analysis of the X-ray lightcurve folded on the radio ephemeris shows modulation at the 4.0 sigma level in the 0.4-3.0 keV domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 544, A108- p.
Keyword [en]
X-rays: stars, pulsars: individual: PSR J1459-6053, radiation mechanisms: thermal, stars: neutron, radiation mechanisms: non-thermal, pulsars: individual: PSR J1614-2230
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103160DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117888ISI: 000308290100108ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84864721459OAI: diva2:559616

QC 20121010

Available from: 2012-10-10 Created: 2012-10-04 Last updated: 2012-10-10Bibliographically approved

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