Sustainable use of crushed autoclaved aerated concrete (CAAC) as a filter medium in wastewater purification
2012 (English)In: 8th International conference on sustainable management of waste and recycled materials in construction, Gothenburg, Sweden, 30 May – 1 June, 2012. Proceedings / [ed] M. Arm, C.Vandecasteele, J.Heynen, P. Suer & B. Lind, ISCOWA and SGI , 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
Scrap material from the production of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) should be considered a valuable by-product and not a waste, as should residues from the demolition of houses built with AAC. This paper presents an innovative use of AAC that can contribute to environmental improvement. We tested crushed AAC (CAAC, 2-4 mm) for its phosphorus (P) removal efficiency by filtering a solution containing phosphate phosphorus (PO4-P) or pure wastewater in batch, bench-scale and field pilot-scale experiments. Slow phosphate removal kinetics of CAAC were demonstrated, but the removal efficiency was very high (93-99%). Mineralogical analyses (by ICP-OES) of the solid CAAC after contact with flowing wastewater yielded concentrations of 39.6 g P kg-1. Application of X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD) for mineral phase identification confirmed that the dominant mineral in AAC was tobermorite (Ca5Si6O16(OH)2 · 4H2O). Dissolution of this crystalline structure was followed by formation of calcium phosphates and the porous, tobermorite-rich material produced proved excellent in removal of P and organic matter from domestic wastewater. Only crushing and sieving to achieve a suitable particle size distribution is needed prior to application in different technical solutions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ISCOWA and SGI , 2012.
By-product, calcium phosphate, phosphorus removal, tobermorite
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-103423DiVA: diva2:560089
8th International conference on sustainable management of waste and recycled materials in construction, Gothenburg, Sweden, 30 May – 1 June, 2012
QC 201210162012-10-162012-10-112012-10-16Bibliographically approved