Order and disorder effects in nano-ZrO 2 investigated by micro-Raman and spectrally and temporarily resolved photoluminescence
2012 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 14, no 37, 12970-12981 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pure and europium (Eu 3+) doped ZrO 2 synthesized by an oil-in-water microemulsion reaction method were investigated by in situ and ex situ X-ray diffraction (XRD), ex situ Raman spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), steady state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. Based on the Raman spectra excited at three different wavelengths i.e. 488, 514 and 633 nm and measured in the spectral range of 150-4000 cm -1 the correlation between the phonon spectra of ZrO 2 and luminescence of europium is clearly evidenced. The PL investigations span a variety of steady-state and time resolved measurements recorded either after direct excitation of the Eu 3+ f-f transitions or indirect excitation into UV charge-transfer bands. After annealing at 500Â°C, the overall Eu 3+ emission is dominated by Eu 3+ located in tetragonal symmetry lattice sites with a crystal-field splitting of the 5D 0- 7F 1 emission of 20 cm -1. Annealing of ZrO 2 at 1000Â°C leads to a superposition of Eu 3+ emissions from tetragonal and monoclinic lattice sites with monoclinic crystal-field splitting of 200 cm -1 for the 5D 0- 7F 1 transition. At all temperatures, a non-negligible amorphous/disordered content is also measured and determined to be of monoclinic nature. It was found that the evolutions with calcination temperature of the average PL lifetimes corresponding to europium emission in the tetragonal and monoclinic sites and the monoclinic phase content of the Eu 3+ doped ZrO 2 samples follow a similar trend. By use of specific excitation conditions, the distribution of europium on the amorphous/disordered surface or ordered/crystalline sites can be identified and related to the phase content of zirconia. The role of zirconia host as a sensitizer for the europium PL is also discussed in both tetragonal and monoclinic phases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 14, no 37, 12970-12981 p.
Europium-Doped Zirconia, X-Ray-Absorption, Field Strength Parameter, Zro2-Eu3+ Phosphors, Molecular-Dynamics, Optical-Properties, Room-Temperature, Local Structures, Zro2, Phase
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103520DOI: 10.1039/c2cp41946gISI: 000308101100033ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84865731888OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-103520DiVA: diva2:561061
QC 201210172012-10-172012-10-152012-11-09Bibliographically approved