Investigation into modeling of multi-perforated mufflers
2009 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
There is a strong competition among automotive manufacturers to reduce the radiated noise levels. One main source is the engine where the main noise control strategy is by using efficient mufflers. Resistive mufflers are now widely used to attenuate IC-Engine noise due to its better performance over the reactive ones. Resistive damping can be achieved either by using absorbing material or perforates in the form of tubes or sheets. Perforates mufflers have an increased performance with flow when the acoustic impedance is increased by introducing flow through the perforate holes. On the other hand, perforates can deteriorate the engine performance, if badly designed, by increasing the flow back pressure. Modeling of perforated mufflers started in the seventies when simple geometries were used. There were two approaches to analyze two tubes connected with a perforate (i.e. four-port), segmentation and distributed. Both approaches were limited to a few specified geometries. Recently, the authors published a new technique based on the segmentation approach where four ports can be replaced by a number of two-ports so that it can be used in general two-port codes. This paper investigates the use of these techniques in modeling complex perforated muffler geometries. Fifteen different configurations were modeled and compared to measurements. There are some limitations to the use of these models in some configurations because of strong 3D effects that limits the validity of these models to almost half the plane wave region. These configurations are mainly the double plug flow muffler and the parallel tube mufflers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103695ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84871465187OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-103695DiVA: diva2:561260
16th International Congress of Sound and Vibration, Krakow (2009)
QC 201210182012-10-182012-10-182012-10-18Bibliographically approved