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A CFD Analysis towards Flow Characteristics of three Pre-swirler Designs
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Although pre-swirlers play a determinant role in the transport of air from stationary parts to rotating holes, knowledge about their actual performance is limited. Therefore, this paper aims to relate how the pre-swirler pressure drop affects the performance of different pre-swirlers in terms of discharge coefficient, adiabatic pre-swirl effectiveness, and swirl ratio. The results are extracted from numerical simulations carried out on three different designs, two guide vanes, and a nozzle. When available, the results are compared to experimental data.

The guide vanes have shown similar responses to the pressure drop variations. Their discharge coefficients remain relatively insensitive with an average value of 97%. The swirl ratio range from 0.704 to 1.013 and 0.703 to 1.023 respectively for a pressure drop varying from 3 to 7 bars. The adiabatic pre-swirl effectiveness is of 96% and 94%, respectively, under steady state operation.The nozzle design has shown inferior performance as compared to the guide vane designs. Its discharge coefficient remains around 91% and the swirl ratio varies between 0.678 and 1.121 for a pressure drop ranging from 3 to 10 bars. Under steady state operation, the adiabatic pre-swirl effectiveness is 1.22.

The influence of through-flows on the aforementioned parameters was also analyzed. It was observed that the through-flow deteriorates the performance of the pre-swirlers, whether in terms of dimensionless pre-swirl effectiveness, or swirl ratio. The discharge coefficient was however not affected.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 87 p.
Keyword [en]
gas turbine, secondary air system, pre-swirlers, discharge, swirl, CFD
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-103890OAI: diva2:562239
Educational program
Master of Science - Sustainable Energy Engineering
2012-06-05, M-Building KTH, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Available from: 2012-10-24 Created: 2012-10-23 Last updated: 2012-10-24Bibliographically approved

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