Pt-Al2O3 dual layer atomic layer deposition coating in high aspect ratio nanopores
2013 (English)In: Nanotechnology, ISSN 0957-4484, E-ISSN 1361-6528, Vol. 24, no 1, 015602- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Functional nanoporous materials are promising for a number of applications ranging from selective biofiltration to fuel cell electrodes. This work reports the functionalization of nanoporous membranes using atomic layer deposition (ALD). ALD is used to conformally deposit platinum (Pt) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3) on Pt in nanopores to form a metal-insulator stack inside the nanopore. Deposition of these materials inside nanopores allows the addition of extra functionalities to nanoporous materials such as anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membranes. Conformal deposition of Pt on such materials enables increased performances for electrochemical sensing applications or fuel cell electrodes. An additional conformal Al2O3 layer on such a Pt film forms a metal-insulator-electrolyte system, enabling field effect control of the nanofluidic properties of the membrane. This opens novel possibilities in electrically controlled biofiltration. In this work, the deposition of these two materials on AAO membranes is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Successful process parameters are proposed for a reliable and cost-effective conformal deposition on high aspect ratio three-dimensional nanostructures. A device consisting of a silicon chip supporting an AAO membrane of 6 mm diameter and 1.3 mu m thickness with 80 nm diameter pores is fabricated. The pore diameter is reduced to 40 nm by a conformal deposition of 11 nm Pt and 9 nm Al2O3 using ALD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics (IOP), 2013. Vol. 24, no 1, 015602- p.
nanopore, ALD, nanofluidic transistor, large surface area electrode, platinum, aluminum oxide, AAO, nanofluidics, microfluidics, lab-on-chip, loc, fuel cell
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104073DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/24/1/015602ISI: 000312272500020ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84870523064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-104073DiVA: diva2:562958
FunderSwedish Research CouncilEU, European Research Council, 267528VINNOVA
QC 201301102012-10-262012-10-262015-09-07Bibliographically approved