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The Influence of the Designer on the Risk of Falling from Heights and of Exposure to Excessive Workloads on two Contruction Sites
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4068-6794
KTH, School of Technology and Health (STH), Centres, Centre for Health and Building, CHB.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9504-0723
2012 (English)In: Safety Science Monitor, ISSN 1443-8844, Vol. 16, no 1, 2-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Workers on construction sites are exposed to an excessive risk of being injured at work. This study identifies occupational hazards on two construction sites – hazards that were related to the design of the building – and undertakes an analysis of the basis upon which related design decisions were made.Risks of falling from heights were related to the shape of the building. Risks related to an excessive workload were related to the weight of building products and possibilities to use equipment to avoid manual transports.The hazards were discussed at focus group meetings. During these meetings, the participants showed an increased understanding of safety issues in the project, each other's views and difficulties, and their own ability to facilitate acceptable risk levels for others.Some hazards were not foreseen during the design and planning phase. According to the architects, their knowledge about construction methods was not sufficient to predict hazards related to the shape of the building.Other hazards were foreseen, though considered to be primarily the contractor's responsibility. Consultants in the design and planning phase, on behalf of the client, were focused on quality, time schedule and economy, more than on occupational safety. There were building products on the market which were designed to fulfil functional regulatory requirements and requests from consumers, but not sufficient enough to ensure that they could be handled without exposure to an excessive workload. The demands and routines in the project did not ensure that project-specific hazard information was given to the contractor. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 16, no 1, 2-7 p.
Keyword [en]
design, construction, safety, management, hazard.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104588OAI: diva2:565162

QC 20121108

Available from: 2012-11-08 Created: 2012-11-06 Last updated: 2012-11-08Bibliographically approved

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