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Evaluation of current methods for creep analysis and impression creep testing of power plant steels
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
2012 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Destructive testing of creep exposed components is a powerful tool for evaluation of remaining lifetime of high temperature pipe systems. The most common destructive evaluation method used today is uniaxial creep testing. Uniaxial creep tests can produce accurate creep curves but the test method has some drawbacks such as costliness and long testing times. It also demands large sample material outtake which often involve weld repair.

Impression creep (IC) testing is a relatively new alternative test method for evaluating primary and secondary creep rates. The scope of this work is to evaluate the benefits and drawbacks of IC testing over uniaxial creep testing in order to determine its usefulness as a test method.

A literature survey was carried out over the area creep testing of high temperature pipe systems, with particular focus on impression creep testing. The result of the literature survey clearly showed several benefits with impression creep testing. An IC test series was performed in order to determine the secondary creep rate of a service exposed 10CrMo9-10 high temperature pipe steel. The IC tests were performed by VTT in Finland, using the same test parameter and sample material as in previous projects where the creep properties of the test material were determined by uniaxial creep testing.

The result of the predicted secondary creep rate obtained from the IC tests was compared with the secondary creep rates measured during the uniaxial tests. The IC tests results did not align satisfactory with the results from the uniaxial creep tests, which would have been expected. The reason for this may be due to sources of error during impression creep testing, since very small displacements due to creep have to be measured with high precision during the tests. Further testing of the impression creep test method is recommended as a result of this work, in order to evaluate the method.

Abstract [sv]

Förstörande provning av krypexponerade komponenter är ett kraftfullt redskap för utvärdering av återstående livslängd hos rörsystem med höga drifttemperaturer. Den vanligaste formen av förstörande provning i dessa fall är idag enaxlig krypprovning. Enaxliga krypprovningar producerar fullständiga krypkurvor men provningsmetoden har vissa nackdelar såsom att den är relativt dyr och tar förhållandevislång tid.

Impression creep eller (IC) –provning är en relativt ny, alternativ, testmetod för att utvärdera primär och sekundärkryp. Det här arbetet ämnar utreda för- och nackdelar med IC-provning gentemot enaxlig krypprovning, samt undersöka dugligheten av IC-provning som testmetod.

En litteraturstudie över området provning av krypegenskaper hos rörsystem med höga drifttemperaturer, med extra fokus på IC-provning har genomförts. Resultatet av litteraturstudien pekade tydligt på fördelarna med IC provning. En serie IC-tester utfördes också i syfte att bestämma den sekundära kryphastigheten hos ett driftpåkänt 10CrMo9-10 låglegerat tryckkärlsstål avsett för höga drifttemperaturer. IC-provningen gjordes av VTT Finland. Samma testparametrar och samma provmaterial som hade använts i tidigare projekt där krypegenskaperna hos provmaterialet har utvärderats bl.a. genom enaxlig krypprovning.

Resultaten från IC-provningen jämfördes med de sekundära krypningshastigheterna som hade observerats vid den enaxliga krypprovningen. Resultaten från IC-provningen visade sig avvika från resultateten från den enaxliga krypprovningen. Orsaken till det kunde inte förklaras. Mätningar av mycket små förskjutningar samt små temperaturavvikelser föreslogs eventuellt kunna leda till felkällor. Som ett resultat av det här arbetet förslås fortsatt utvärdering och provning med IC-metoden behövs innan provningsmetoden kan tas i bruk.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 75 p.
Keyword [en]
Impression creep test, 10CrMo9-10 steel, creep life assessment, creep analysis.
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-104603DiVA: diva2:565315
Subject / course
Materials Design and Engineering
Educational program
Master of Science in Engineering - Materials Design and Engineering
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-11-22 Created: 2012-11-07 Last updated: 2012-11-22Bibliographically approved

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Master thesis Jonas Larsson 2012(3675 kB)3507 downloads
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