Migration and chemical consumption of deltamethrin and piperonyl butoxide from polyethylene in aqueous media
2013 (English)In: Polymers from Renewable Resources, ISSN 2041-2479, Vol. 4, no 1, 1-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Deltamethrin (DM), an important insecticide (synthetic pyrethroid) together with synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO), is used for food storage and insect control purposes. It is often impregnated in polymers for controlled and effective release of insecticide. The migration and chemical consumption of DM and PBO from moulded polyethylene sheets was studied. The thermal behaviour of pristine DM and the prepared polyethylene compound was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. DM did not crystallize and remained in a liquid state after cooling to room temperature. Evaporation rates and activation energies of evaporation were determined by thermogravimetry for pristine DM, PBO, a solution of DM and PBO and for the PE compound. Evaporation from the DM/PBO solution was greater than that predicted from the evaporation rates of the individual compounds, which suggested that the DM/PBO solution obeyed non-ideal solution properties. The migration of DM and PBO from the polyethylene was studied in liquid water at 80 and 95 °C and in air of different relative humidities (60 and 80%) at 80 °C. Exposure to liquid water caused degradation and hydrolysis of the ester bond in DM, present in the prepared material, and generated species containing hydroxyl groups. Liquid chromatography and infrared spectroscopy showed a significant migration of the active species in liquid water, whereas the loss of DM and PBO in air at 80°C (60 and 80 %RH) was negligible over 30 days.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4, no 1, 1-18 p.
Deltamethrin, Piperonyl butoxide., Polyethylene, Pyrethroids
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104727ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84876997302OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-104727DiVA: diva2:566799
QC 20131125 Updated from submitted to published.2012-11-092012-11-092013-11-25Bibliographically approved