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Comparison of phase resolved partial discharge patterns in small test samples, bushing specimen and aged transformer bushing
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1766-8077
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Electromagnetic Engineering.
Show others and affiliations
2012 (English)In: 2012 Annual Report Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena (CEIDP), IEEE , 2012, 88-91 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The transformer bushings are one of the key devices in electrical power networks. With time, the electrical insulations in the transformer bushings become aged. One effect of a long time ageing would be due to Partial Discharge (PD) defects. In this work, the phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) pattern of the defects naturally present in an aged 36 kV Oil Impregnated Paper (OIP) bushing was compared with the PRPD patterns of defects deliberately introduced in simple test samples and in a bushing specimen. The results presented in this paper show that it might be possible to predict the type of the defects in aged transformer bushings through comparing measured PRPD patterns with PRPD patterns from defects deliberately introduced in simple test samples and in bushing specimens.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE , 2012. 88-91 p.
Series
Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena. Annual Report, ISSN 0084-9162
Keyword [en]
Electrical power networks, Oil impregnated papers, Phase resolved partial discharge patterns, PRPD patterns, Test samples, Transformer bushings
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104837DOI: 10.1109/CEIDP.2012.6378729ISI: 000316899800018Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84872092506ISBN: 978-1-4673-1252-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-104837DiVA: diva2:568002
Conference
2012 IEEE Conference on Electrical Insulation and Dielectric Phenomena, CEIDP 2012; Montreal, QC; Canada; 14 October 2012 through 17 October 2012
Note

QC 20121115

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-13 Last updated: 2015-02-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity in Oil-Impregnated Paper Insulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity in Oil-Impregnated Paper Insulation
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

High voltage (HV) transients in electrical power systems are mainly caused by lightning strikes and switching operations.  The high voltage transient from its point of origin can propagate in either direction in the electrical power transmission line, and if its magnitude would be below the Basic Insulation Level (BIL) of the equipment for impulse voltage, it can reach the terminals of the equipment without being dissipated by surge arresters.  The dielectric properties of a particular insulation at the instant of interaction with a high voltage transient would determine the level of the degradation of the electrical insulation caused by the high voltage transient. This thesis suggests on-line diagnostic techniques for monitoring the oil-impregnated paper condenser bushings by utilizing the naturally occurring HV transients in electrical power systems.

The aim of the first experiment was to investigate the partial discharge (PD) characteristics of the PD defects which are likely to be found in oil-imregnated paper condenser bushings. In order to understand the condition at which the HV impulses would cause the change in phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) patterns, four more experiments were performed. The second experiment was set in such a way that the effect of HV impulses alone could be investigated. On the other hand, the third experiment was set to examine the effect of PD-ageing at elevated AC voltage. The fourth experiment aimed in investigating the effect of combined PD-ageing at elevated AC voltage and the HV impulses. In order to investigate how different electrical stresses affect the dielectric properties of the oil-impreganted paper insulation, the fifth experiment about the dielectric spectroscopy (DS) in frequency domain was performed.

The measurement results presented in this thesis show that high voltage impulses can have a large impact on the behavior of PRPD patterns if the test sample is aged by partial discharges, but a smaller impact when the test sample is unaged. The measurement results also show that the degradation of the oil-impregnated papers is much faster when the oil-impregnated papers are suffered from the combination of the HV impulses and the PD activity at elevated AC voltage than when they are suffered from the PD activity at elevated AC voltage alone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. viii, 70 p.
Series
Trita-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2012:054
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-104829 (URN)978-91-7501-543-9 (ISBN)
Presentation
2012-11-30, H21, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20121115

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-13 Last updated: 2012-11-16Bibliographically approved
2. The Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity and on the Dielectric Response in Oil-impregnated Paper Insulation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of HV Impulses on Partial Discharge Activity and on the Dielectric Response in Oil-impregnated Paper Insulation
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This work investigates how HV impulses affect the behavior of partial discharge (PD) activity and the low voltage dielectric response of oil-impregnated paper insulation. It also investigates how the change in the PD activity is related to the degradation level of oil-impregnated paper insulation. In order to accomplish these objectives, the ageing were done under three different electrical stress conditions, i.e. HV impulses following an early stage 50 Hz AC PD activity, a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress alone, and a combination of HV impulses and a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress. In order to predict the level of deterioration caused by each ageing stress condition, the dielectric spectroscopy (DS) measurements in a frequency range of 1.0 mHz to 1.0 kHz were performed before and after subjecting a test object to each of the ageing stress conditions.

     The investigations were mainly done on the test samples consisting of a cavity deliberately introduced between the layers of oil-impregnated paper. Additionally, the investigation about the effect of HV impulses alone on the DS results was done on aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing.

     The PD experimental results presented in this thesis indicate that HV impulses below the impulse breakdown stress following an early stage AC PD activity will neither cause a significant change in phase resolved partial discharge (PRPD) patterns nor damage oil-impregnated paper insulation to a level that can be noticed with visual observations. On the other hand, a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress can cause the change in PRPD patterns by decreasing the total PD charge and the number of PD pulses, but cannot quickly damage the oil-impregnated paper insulation as it would do when it is combined with HV impulses. In addition to that, the results show that the combination of both, HV impulses and a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress can cause a high drop in the PD parameters (total PD charge and number of PD pulses). 

     The DS results show that HV impulses below the impulse breakdown stress following an early stage 50 Hz AC PD activity will not cause a significant increase in the real part of the complex capacitance and in the dissipation factor as they will do when they are combined with a prolonged PD activity at a 50 Hz AC stress. Further, the dielectric spectroscopy results obtained every three hours during the ageing of oil-impregnated paper insulation by a prolonged PD activity at an AC stress show that the dissipation factor will increase, but the PD parameters (total PD charge and the repetition rate) will decrease with time of PD application. For a case of the aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing, HV impulses of amplitudes up to 200 kV did not result in the change in the dissipation factor curve before removing insulating oil from the bushing. However, after removing about 2.5 liters of insulating oil from the bushing, HV impulses resulted in the change in the dissipation factor curve. The magnitudes of the dissipation factor curves appeared to be much higher in the middle frequencies region, i.e. the frequencies between 10 mHz and 100 Hz. After refilling the bushing with the same insulating oil, the loss peak shifted towards the higher frequencies.

     To understand how the ageing by-products initiated by PDs in the small cavity can modify the geometry of oil-impregnated paper insulation; the model of oil-impregnated paper insulation, comprising of a small cavity, was implemented in Finite Element Method (FEM) software (COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a). The comparison between the simulation and experimental results show that PD by-products will result in two zones, i.e. aged and unaged zones, and the aged zone will grow with time of PD application; thereby increasing the dissipation factor. On the other hand, in order to interpret  the change in the dissipation factors for the dielectrics in aged oil-impregnated paper transformer bushing after had been exposed to HV impulses, a model of a part of the condenser body (oil-paper insulation) was also implemented in the FEM software (COMSOL Multiphysics 4.2a). To model a condition of low insulating oil level in the bushing, a part of oil subdomains was replaced with the air dielectric properties. A comparison between the simulation and experimental dissipation factor curves indicate that HV impulses will produce the by-products (ions), which will increase the conductivity of air when the bushing has low insulating oil level. On refilling the bushing with the same insulating oil, the insulating oil will take these ions and the reactions between the aged insulating oil by-products (such as acids) and the ions, may produce more ions, thereby increasing further the conductivity of the insulating oil.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. x, 62 p.
Series
TRITA-EE, ISSN 1653-5146 ; 2014:006
Keyword
Partial discharge, high voltage impulses, oil-impregnated paper, dielectric spectroscopy, Finite Element Method.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-142027 (URN)978-91-7595-024-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-26, Sal H1, Teknikringen 33, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20140303

Available from: 2014-03-03 Created: 2014-02-27 Last updated: 2014-03-03Bibliographically approved

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