Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Influence of aggregate packing structure on California bearing ratio values of unbound granular materials
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Highway and Railway Engineering.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Highway and Railway Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0889-6078
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Highway and Railway Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0596-228X
2014 (English)In: International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design, ISSN 1468-0629, Vol. 15, no 1, 102-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Over the past several decades, California bearing ratio (CBR) value has been used in many countries for empirical pavement designs and still many countries are using it for unbound granular materials strength measurement and as input to their pavement design chart. Furthermore, CBR value of unbound granular material is frequently correlated with its fundamental mechanical properties such as resilient modulus, which in turn is often used as an input to a mechanistic pavement design procedure. In the present study, the effect the aggregate packing has on the CBR values of unbound materials is investigated. A packing theory-based framework that allows to identify the load-carrying part of the aggregate skeleton is presented. Aggregate packing parameters controlling the CBR performance of the unbound materials are introduced and evaluated with the experimentally measured CBR values of 20 unbound granular materials found in the literature. It is shown that the CBR values of granular materials are to a great extent controlled by the packing characteristics of their load-carrying skeleton.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 15, no 1, 102-113 p.
Keyword [en]
unbound granular materials, CBR value, packing theory, void ratio, primary structure
National Category
Civil Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-105078DOI: 10.1080/14680629.2013.863160ISI: 000329777100008ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84892550510OAI: diva2:569941

QC 20140211

Available from: 2012-11-15 Created: 2012-11-15 Last updated: 2014-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Packing theory-based Framework for Performance Evaluation of Unbound Granular Materials
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Packing theory-based Framework for Performance Evaluation of Unbound Granular Materials
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Enhancing the load bearing quality of granular layers is fundamental to optimize the structural performance of the pavements. Unbound granular materials are one of the most used materials in the base layers of pavements. There have been growing interests on the behavior of unbound granular material in road base layers. Both design of a new pavement and prediction of service life need proper characterization of unbound granular materials, which is one of the requirements for a new mechanistic pavement design methods.

Adequate knowledge of the strength and deformation characteristics of unbound layers in pavements is essential for proper thickness design, residual life determination, and economic optimization of the pavement structure. The current knowledge concerning granular materials employed in pavement structures is limited. In addition, to date, no general framework has been established to explain and evaluate satisfactorily the behavior of unbound granular materials under the complex repeated loading which they experience.

This thesis presents a packing theory-based framework to evaluate the mechanical properties of unbound granular materials. The framework was developed based on the particle-to-particle contact, the particle size distribution and the packing arrangement. The skeleton of the unbound materials should be composed of both coarse enough particles and a limited amount of fine granular materials to effectively resist deformation and carry traffic loads. Based on this, the framework identifies the two basic components of unbound granular materials, namely the primary structure (PS) - a range of interactive coarse grain sizes that forms the main load carrying network in granular materials and the secondary structure (SS) - a range of grain sizes smaller than the PS providing stability to the aggregate skeleton.

In the framework, disruption potential (DP), PS porosity, PS coordination number and void ratio of skeleton (PS+SS) are among the key packing parameters which were established from the framework. These parameters were validated by evaluating the permanent deformation, resilient modulus and California bearing ratio of unbound granular materials using different materials with various experimental results.

Furthermore, in this thesis a new moisture distribution model (Birgisson-Jelagin-Yideti (BJY) moisture distribution model) was introduced. In the model, SS particles associated with water retention. The water is stored as meniscus water between these small particles and fully filled in small voids. The volume of meniscus water between SS particles and the measured matric suction values are the two key parameters considered in the model. The results showed that the model developed is capable of predicting the experimentally measured matric suction values for a range of gradations.

Finally, the application of shakedown and packing theories to characterize permanent deformation behaviour of unbound aggregate materials is presented. A simple finite element analysis has also been simulated in order to find out the effect of disruption potential on the shakedown limit load. Experimental results were used for the simulation of the finite element and compared favourably with the predicted mean stress and dimensionless shakedown load using DP values.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. viii, 60 p.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-143487 (URN)978-91-87353-36-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-04-11, Kollegiesalen (the old chapel), Brinellvägen 8, KTH, Stockholm, 09:30 (English)

QC 20140324

Available from: 2014-03-24 Created: 2014-03-21 Last updated: 2014-03-25Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Yideti, Tatek FekaduBirgisson, BjörnJelagin, Denis
By organisation
Highway and Railway Engineering
In the same journal
International Journal on Road Materials and Pavement Design
Civil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 103 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link