In the industrialized world the demographic development is threatening the societal quality of service. When over 20 to 25 % of the population is more than 65 years old and retired, the productive part of the population has to carry a heavy burden. In Sweden the number of beds in nursing homes and hospitals are reduced. The home becomes the place for both rehabilitation and advanced medical care. This raises a lot of question about how to make this safe, efficient and reliable. It is obvious that to some extent technology must be part of this new caring situation. Without the IoT-technology this will be expensive and complicated.
In our lab at the Centre for Health and Building (CHB) at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, Sweden, we test and develop new technology aiming for support and care in peoples home. The lab consists of two self-contained apartments where a real life situation is a fundamental condition for the tests. We can see in a recent project (EU funded MonAMI) that with today’s technology where the assistive system is set up with its local, normally wireless, network, it is a tedious work to install such a system. Much has to be done locally in the apartment and if anything goes wrong a technician has to come and put things in order. Remote administration is possible but it is depending on the whole system to work proper and it is not possible to administrate a single node remotely.
In a field trial we are connecting 30 apartments, but already at this small number it takes to much time to visit each apartment to configure the nodes and actuators. Even with few services a lot of nodes and actuators must be used. This makes it a very expensive installation.
This presentation will discuss the possibilities that come with an Ambient Assisted Living-system (AAL) based on IoT, and the problems that will occur without IoT. In our lab we are setting up a more flexible IPv6 based system, where all the nodes will have an IP address of its own. The aim is to see how an Ambient Assisted Living-system would be built when it is possible to access and configure all the nodes remotely.
We think it will reduce the overall cost and in this way make AAL an important part of care in the home.
BIT´s 1st Annual International Congress of U-World, New dimension of the Smart Planet in U-Era, u-world 2011, Dalian, China