Deformation of cellulose nanocrystals: entropy, internal energy and temperature dependence
2012 (English)In: Cellulose (London), ISSN 0969-0239, E-ISSN 1572-882X, Vol. 19, no 6, 1821-1836 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An in-depth analysis was performed of the molecular deformation mechanisms in cellulose during axial stretching. For the first time, it was demonstrated that entropy affects the stiffness of cellulose nanocrystals significantly. This was achieved through Molecular Dynamics simulations of model nanocrystals subject to constant stress in the axial direction, for nanocrystals of varying lateral dimensions and at different temperatures. The simulations were analyzed in terms of Young's modulus E, which is a measure of the elastic response to applied stress. A weak but significant temperature dependence was shown, with partial derivative E/partial derivative T = -0.05 Gpa K-1 at room temperature, in agreement with experimental numbers. In order to analyze the respective contributions from internal energy and entropy, a decomposition of the total response of the free energy with respect to strain was made. It was shown that the decrease in E with increasing T is due to entropy, and that the magnitude of the decrease is 6-9 % at room temperature compared to the value at 0 K. This was also shown independently by a direct calculation of the vibrational entropy of the cellulose crystal. Finally, it was found that internal hydrogen bonds are contributing to the stiffness by 20 %, mainly by stabilizing the cellulose internal structure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 19, no 6, 1821-1836 p.
Elastic modulus, Cellulose nanocrystals, Molecular dynamics, Temperature dependence
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106112DOI: 10.1007/s10570-012-9774-5ISI: 000310538300003ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84868340201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-106112DiVA: diva2:572905
QC 201211292012-11-292012-11-292012-11-29Bibliographically approved