Effect of cooling rate and Ti addition on the microstructure and mechanical properties in as-cast condition of hypereutectic high chromium cast irons
2012 (English)In: ISIJ International, ISSN 0915-1559, Vol. 52, no 12, 2210-2219 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The effect of cooling rate and Ti additions on the mechanical properties and carbides characteristics such as morphology, size distribution and composition was studied in high-chromium cast irons containing Fe-17 mass%Cr-4 mass%C. Based on the size distribution, composition and morphology, M 7C3 type carbides were roughly classified into "primary M7C3 carbides" and "eutectic M7C3 carbides" with a 11.2μ m border size. Thereafter, the change of the solidification structure and especially the refinement of carbides size were determined. It was found that both the size and number values should be summarized systematically for primary M 7C3 carbides and eutectic M7C3 carbides, respectively. Also, TiC carbides with a high formation temperature can not only act as a nuclei of M7C3 carbides, but they also contain a Ti(C, N) core. In the as-cast condition, the bulk hardness of the cast irons increases with an increased Ti content. In addition, the wear loss increases with an increased Ti content. Neither the bulk hardness nor the wear loss did change too much with an increased cooling rate.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 52, no 12, 2210-2219 p.
Carbides size distributions, Cooling rate, High chromium cast irons, M7C3, Ti addition, TiC
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106214DOI: 10.2355/isijinternational.52.2210ISI: 000312968000014ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84871814381OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-106214DiVA: diva2:573239
QC 20130118. Updated from accepted to published.2012-11-302012-11-302013-09-13Bibliographically approved