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Crucial Considerations: Essays on the Ethics of Emerging Technologies
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Essay I explores brain machine interface (BMI) technologies. These make direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrical stimuli. This essay reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers a systematic inquiry into the relevant ethical problems that are likely to emerge in the following decades.

Essay II, co-written with professor Sven-Ove Hansson, presents a novel procedure to engage the public in ethical deliberations on the potential impacts of brain machine interface technology. We call this procedure a Convergence seminar, a form of scenario-based group discussion that is founded on the idea of hypothetical retrospection. The theoretical background of this procedure and the results of the five seminars are presented here.

Essay III discusses moral enhancement, an instance of human enhancement that alters a person’s dispositions, emotions or behavior in order to make that person more moral. Moral enhancement could be carried out in three different ways. The first strategy is behavioral enhancement. The second strategy, favored by prominent defenders of moral enhancement, is emotional enhancement. The third strategy is the enhancement of moral dispositions, such as empathy and inequity aversion. I argue that we ought to implement a combination of the second and third strategies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. , vi, 16 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831 ; 42
Keyword [en]
neuroethics, brain machine interface, convergence seminars, moral enhancement, human enhancement, privacy, autonomy
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106268ISBN: 978-91-637-2006-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-106268DiVA: diva2:573601
Presentation
2012-12-06, 231, Teknikringen 78 B, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Note

QC 20121206

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-03 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Brain Machine Interface and Human Enhancement - An Ethical Review
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Brain Machine Interface and Human Enhancement - An Ethical Review
2013 (English)In: Neuroethics, ISSN 1874-5490, E-ISSN 1874-5504, Vol. 6, no 3, 617-625 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Brain machine interface (BMI) technology makes direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrodes. This paper reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers a systematic inquiry into the relevant ethical problems that are likely to emerge in the following decades.

Keyword
Brain computer interface, Brain machine interface, Neuroethics, Bioethics, Electroencephalography, Neuromotor prosthesis, Autonomy, Privacy
National Category
Philosophy Medical Ethics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106577 (URN)10.1007/s12152-012-9176-2 (DOI)000326604300014 ()2-s2.0-84887997252 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20131206

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
2. European Public Deliberation on Brain Machine Interface Technology: Five Convergence Seminars
Open this publication in new window or tab >>European Public Deliberation on Brain Machine Interface Technology: Five Convergence Seminars
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We hereby present a novel procedure to engage the public in ethical deliberations on the potential impacts of brain machine interface technology. We call this procedure a Convergence seminar, a form of scenario-based group discussion that is founded on the idea of hypothetical retrospection. The theoretical background of this procedure and the results of the five seminars are presented here.

National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106579 (URN)
Note

QS 2012

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-04 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved
3. Three Kinds of Moral Enhancement
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Three Kinds of Moral Enhancement
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Moral enhancement, an instance of human enhancement, alters a person’s dispositions, emotions or behavior in order to make that person more moral. I will argue that moral enhancement could be carried out in three different ways. The first strategy, well known from science fiction, is behavioral enhancement. The second strategy, favored by prominent defenders of moral enhancement, is emotional enhancement. The third strategy is the enhancement of moral dispositions, such as empathy and inequity aversion. I will argue that we ought to implement a combination of the second and third strategies. Furthermore, I will argue that the usual arguments against other instances of human enhancement do not apply to moral enhancement, or apply only to the first strategy, behavioral enhancement.

National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106580 (URN)
Note

QS 2012

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-04 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved

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