Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Brain Machine Interface and Human Enhancement - An Ethical Review
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Philosophy and History of Technology, Philosophy.
2013 (English)In: Neuroethics, ISSN 1874-5490, E-ISSN 1874-5504, Vol. 6, no 3, 617-625 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Brain machine interface (BMI) technology makes direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrodes. This paper reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers a systematic inquiry into the relevant ethical problems that are likely to emerge in the following decades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 6, no 3, 617-625 p.
Keyword [en]
Brain computer interface, Brain machine interface, Neuroethics, Bioethics, Electroencephalography, Neuromotor prosthesis, Autonomy, Privacy
National Category
Philosophy Medical Ethics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106577DOI: 10.1007/s12152-012-9176-2ISI: 000326604300014Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84887997252OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-106577DiVA: diva2:574005
Note

QC 20131206

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-04 Last updated: 2017-12-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Crucial Considerations: Essays on the Ethics of Emerging Technologies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Crucial Considerations: Essays on the Ethics of Emerging Technologies
2012 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Essay I explores brain machine interface (BMI) technologies. These make direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrical stimuli. This essay reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers a systematic inquiry into the relevant ethical problems that are likely to emerge in the following decades.

Essay II, co-written with professor Sven-Ove Hansson, presents a novel procedure to engage the public in ethical deliberations on the potential impacts of brain machine interface technology. We call this procedure a Convergence seminar, a form of scenario-based group discussion that is founded on the idea of hypothetical retrospection. The theoretical background of this procedure and the results of the five seminars are presented here.

Essay III discusses moral enhancement, an instance of human enhancement that alters a person’s dispositions, emotions or behavior in order to make that person more moral. Moral enhancement could be carried out in three different ways. The first strategy is behavioral enhancement. The second strategy, favored by prominent defenders of moral enhancement, is emotional enhancement. The third strategy is the enhancement of moral dispositions, such as empathy and inequity aversion. I argue that we ought to implement a combination of the second and third strategies. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. vi, 16 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831 ; 42
Keyword
neuroethics, brain machine interface, convergence seminars, moral enhancement, human enhancement, privacy, autonomy
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-106268 (URN)978-91-637-2006-2 (ISBN)
Presentation
2012-12-06, 231, Teknikringen 78 B, KTH, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme
Note

QC 20121206

Available from: 2012-12-04 Created: 2012-12-03 Last updated: 2012-12-04Bibliographically approved
2. Human enhancement and technological uncertainty: Essays on the promise and peril of emerging technology
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Human enhancement and technological uncertainty: Essays on the promise and peril of emerging technology
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Essay I explores brain machine interface (BMI) technologies. These make direct communication between the brain and a machine possible by means of electrical stimuli. This essay reviews the existing and emerging technologies in this field and offers an inquiry into the ethical problems that are likely to emerge.

Essay II, co-written with professor Sven-Ove Hansson, presents a novel procedure to engage the public in deliberations on the potential impacts of technology.  This procedure, convergence seminar, is a form of scenario-based discussion that is founded on the idea of hypothetical retrospection. The theoretical background and the results of the five seminars are presented.

Essay III discusses moral bioenhancement, an instance of human enhancement that alters a person’s dispositions, emotions or behavior. Moral bioenhancement could be carried out in three different ways. The first strategy is behavioral enhancement. The second strategy, favored by prominent defenders of moral enhancement, is emotional enhancement. The third strategy is the enhancement of moral dispositions, such as empathy and inequity aversion. I argue that we ought to implement a combination of the second and third strategies.

Essay IV considers the possibility and potential desirability of sensory enhancement. It is proposed that existing sensory modalities in vertebrate animals are proof of concept of what is biologically possible to create in humans. Three considerations on the normative aspects of sensory enhancement are also presented in this essay.

Essay V rejects disease prioritarianism, the idea that the healthcare system ought to prioritize the treatment of diseases. Instead, an approach that focuses on what medicine can accomplish is proposed.

Essay VI argues that from the idea that species have an intrinsic value and that humanity has a collective responsibility to protect animal species from extinction, the conclusion that we ought to recreate species follows.

Essay VII argues that unknown existential risks have not been properly addressed. It proposes a heuristic for doing so, and a concrete strategy. This strategy consists in building refuges that could withstand a large number of catastrophic events.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. v, 34 p.
Series
Theses in philosophy from the Royal Institute of Technology, ISSN 1650-8831 ; 50
National Category
Philosophy
Research subject
Philosophy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-156724 (URN)978-91-7595-341-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-12, D2, Lindstetsvägen 5, KTH, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20141204

Available from: 2014-12-04 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2014-12-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jebari, Karim A.
By organisation
Philosophy
In the same journal
Neuroethics
PhilosophyMedical Ethics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 459 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf