Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Sign-Dependent Sensitivity to Peripheral Defocus for Myopes due to Aberrations
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biomedical and X-ray Physics.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biomedical and X-ray Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4894-7944
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Biomedical and X-ray Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9172-858X
2012 (English)In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, ISSN 0146-0404, Vol. 53, no 11, 7176-7182 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE. Animal studies suggest that the periphery of the eye plays a major role in emmetropization. It is also known that human myopes tend to have relative peripheral hyperopia compared to the foveal refraction. This study investigated peripheral sensitivity to defocus in human subjects, specifically whether myopes are less sensitive to negative than to positive defocus. METHODS. Sensitivity to defocus (logMAR/D) in the 20 degrees nasal visual field was determined in 16 emmetropes (6 males and 10 females, mean spherical equivalent -0.03 +/- 0.13 D, age 30 +/- 6 10 years) and 16 myopes (3 males and 13 females, mean spherical equivalent -3.25 +/- 2 D, age 25 +/- 6 years) using the slope of through-focus low-contrast resolution (10%) acuity measurements. Peripheral wavefront measurements at the same angle were obtained from 13 of the myopes and 9 of the emmetropes, from which the objective depth of field was calculated by assessing the area under the modulation transfer function (MTF) with added defocus. The difference in depth of field between negative and positive defocus was taken as the asymmetry in depth of field. RESULTS. Myopes were significantly less sensitive to negative than to positive defocus (median difference in sensitivity 0.06 logMAR/D, P = 0.023). This was not the case for emmetropes (median difference -0.01 logMAR/D, P = 0.382). The difference in sensitivity between positive and negative defocus was significantly larger for myopes compared to emmetropes (P = 0.031). The correlation between this difference in sensitivity and objective asymmetry in depth of field due to aberrations was significant for the whole group (R-2 = 0.18, P 0.02) and stronger for myopes (R-2 = 0.8, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS. We have shown that myopes, in general, are less sensitive to negative than to positive defocus, which can be linked to their aberrations. This finding is consistent with a previously proposed model of eye growth that is driven by the difference between tangential and radial peripheral blur.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 53, no 11, 7176-7182 p.
Keyword [en]
Depth-Of-Field, Refractive Error, Human Eye, Optical-Quality, Monochromatic Aberrations, Visual-Field, Children, Vision, Lenses, Growth
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107103DOI: 10.1167/iovs.11-9034ISI: 000310589900062ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872012994OAI: diva2:574644
Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4094Vinnova, 2008-00992

QC 20121206

Available from: 2012-12-06 Created: 2012-12-06 Last updated: 2013-03-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Peripheral Vision: Adaptive Optics and Psychophysics
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Peripheral Vision: Adaptive Optics and Psychophysics
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about our peripheral vision. Peripheral vision is poor compared to central vision, due to both neural and optical factors. The optical factors include astigmatism, defocus and higher order aberrations consisting mainly of coma. Neurally, the density of ganglion cells decreases towards the periphery, which limits the sampling density. The questions that this thesis attempts to answer are how much and under which circumstances correction of optical errors can improve peripheral vision. For this, an adaptive optics system has been constructed with a wavefront sensor and a deformable mirror working in closed loop to perform real-time correction of optical errors. To investigate vision, psychophysical routines utilizing Bayesian methods have been evaluated and modified for peripheral vision to handle the presence of aliasing, fixation instability and rapid fatigue.

We found that correcting both refractive errors and higher order aberrations improved peripheral low-contrast resolution acuity. \\

We looked at two specific topics in peripheral vision research in particular: Central visual field loss and myopia development. Persons with central visual field loss have to rely on their remaining peripheral vision, and it is of great interest to understand whether optical correction can offer them any benefits. In a case study on a single subject, we found meaningful improvements in vision with both optimized refractive correction as well as additional benefits with aberration correction. These improvements were larger than for comparable healthy subjects with a similar magnitude of aberrations. When it comes to myopia development, an interesting hypothesis is that peripheral optics affect and guide the emmetropization process. We have found an asymmetric depth of field in the periphery for myopic subjects, caused by their higher order aberrations, and presented a model on how this asymmetry may influence the emmetropization process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. xiii, 72 p.
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2013:08
National Category
Other Physics Topics
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-120077 (URN)978-91-7501-698-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-19, Sal FD5, AlbaNova Universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)

QC 20130327

Available from: 2013-03-27 Created: 2013-03-27 Last updated: 2013-04-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Rosén, RobertLundström, LindaUnsbo, Peter
By organisation
Biomedical and X-ray Physics
In the same journal
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 79 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link