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Optimal Viterbi Bayesian predictive classification for data from finite alphabets
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematical Statistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1489-8512
2013 (English)In: Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, ISSN 0378-3758, E-ISSN 1873-1171, Vol. 143, no 2, 261-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A family of Viterbi Bayesian predictive classifiers has been recently popularized for speech recognition applications with continuous acoustic signals modeled by finite mixture densities embedded in a hidden Markov framework. Here we generalize such classifiers to sequentially observed data from multiple finite alphabets and derive the optimal predictive classifier under exchangeability of the emitted symbols. We demonstrate that the optimal predictive classifier which learns from unlabelled test items improves considerably upon marginal maximum a posteriori rule in the presence of sparse training data. It is shown that the learning process saturates when the amount of test data tends to infinity, such that no further gain in classification accuracy is possible upon arrival of new test items in the long run.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 143, no 2, 261-275 p.
Keyword [en]
Bayesian learning, Hidden Markov models, Predictive classification
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-107602DOI: 10.1016/j.jspi.2012.07.013ISI: 000310942200004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84867736475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-107602DiVA: diva2:577043
Note

QC 20121214

Available from: 2012-12-14 Created: 2012-12-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Koski, Timo

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