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Light Railways and Busways as Key Driver for Sustainable Urban Development The Swedish Experiences with Transit-Oriented Development (TOD)
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1790-0254
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies. (Urban Planning and Design)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2386-0663
2012 (English)In: Sustaining the Metropolis: LRT and Streetcars for Super Cities, Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board , 2012, 259-278 p., E-C177Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

TOD in a Swedish (European) perspective is by no means a new idea. Three cases of newer light railway and busway projects (Stockholm, Gothenbourg and Norrkoping) are explored in this article and they are seen through a historical overview of the TOD experiences in Sweden and around the world. We also investigate and draw attention to the values of placemaking and sustainable urbanism via the advantages and disadvantages of the urban and regional public transport systems and TOD principles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board , 2012. 259-278 p., E-C177
Series
Transportation Research Circular
Keyword [en]
transit-oriented development (TOD), Sweden, light railway (LRT), bus rapid transit (BRT), sustainable urbanism, placemaking
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Transport Systems and Logistics Architecture Design Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109259DiVA: diva2:580578
Conference
12th National Light Rail Conference Sustaining the Metropolis: LRT & Streetcars for Super Cities, November 11-13, 2012 in Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Projects
BRT-TOD – Vilka krav ställer attraktiv busstrafik av BRT-typ på bebyggelsen?
Funder
VINNOVA, 2009-01233
Note

QC 20160622

Available from: 2012-12-23 Created: 2012-12-23 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Bus rapid transit (BRT) is an innovative bus system with sophisticated vehicles and inflexible busways integrated in the cities, high capacity and high quality, high speed and frequency, distinctive image and comfort. Many in Sweden believe that is impossible to introduce BRT, even though the Swedish towns and cities can benefit from the image, speed and frequency that BRT symbolizes. The archipelago-like urbanization, urban sprawl and the uncompetitive journey times of public transportation compared with the private car are identified as main obstacles. New questions emerged: Is it possible to transform and adjust the Swedish towns and cities for BRT? What demands BRT? How is transit-oriented development (TOD) applicable in a Swedish context as a policy to integrate cities and BRT?

In this licentiate thesis I investigate the interrelationship between bus transportation and neighborhoods, between BRT and urban form as well as the possibilities to introduce busways and BRT, to trigger TOD and to transform the Swedish towns and cities for BRT. Much has been written about BRT, but seldom by architects or urban planners and designers. BRT and TOD are seen though urban form and processes of urbanization within a morphological tradition established by Kevin Lynch. BRT is represented by paths and nodes that disperse distinctive attractiveness pattern of desirability cores that shape neighborhoods as districts. TOD is about synchronizing the everyday urban life with public transportation systems. BRT-TOD is defined as a policy to recognize desirability cores spread by the different infrastructures of BRT and promote development of urban form within their attractiveness pattern at urban and regional scale. BRT-TOD is discussed as a concept of BRT metropolis in context of the urbanization of Swedish towns and cities.

 TOD is defined morphologically as public transport cities. A public transport city is a city that in its development adapted to specific public transportation systems. TOD is nothing new in Europe or Sweden. To find regularities of the effect of public transportation systems on cities I do a historical overview of the Swedish towns and cities. In the end the position of bus and BRT, public transport cities and TOD and possibilities of future urban transformation of the smaller and larger Swedish cities towards BRT metropolises are discussed in context of today’s “‘system’ of automobility” and widespread car society and the emerging knowledge society and its postmodern fringes of urbanization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. xvi, 89 p.
Series
TRITA-TEC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 13:007
Keyword
bus rapid transit (BRT), transit-oriented development (TOD), bus transportation, neighborhood, urban form, urban morphology, urbanization
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128526 (URN)978-91-87353-16-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-09-11, L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA, 2009-01233
Note

QC 20130917

Available from: 2013-09-17 Created: 2013-09-12 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • en-US
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Output format
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