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Architecture competitions, demographic changes, And eldercare: Three variables in the creation of a universal space for ageing
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Architecture, Architectural Design. (Arc Plan Research group)
2012 (English)In: International Competitions and Architectural Quality in the Planetary Age: CRC + LEAP international symposium, Montréal, Canada, / [ed] Jean-Pierre Chupin, Montréal, 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the context of an ageing world, the theory of welfare regimes as well as the type of architecture that is an outcome of the influence of this theory becomes pertinent. It is based on the perceived level of decommodification in society, i.e. various financial measures that the individual has to initiate in order to prepare for different stages in life: bringing up children, education, health and sickness, professional career, and retirement. Residential care homes (RCH) accommodate elderly and dependent persons. The highest level of decommodification is found in the social-democratic welfare regime represented by the three Nordic countries, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The present study explores the programming of RCH in these countries and the architectonic conception of the same by use of architecture competitions. The research material includes competitions realized during the period of 2000 to 2011, and the sample has been accumulated through internet searches. The competition documentation has been subjected to “close reading.” The full sample, consisting of 78 competitions, has allowed for establishing the organizational forms that are used in the three Nordic competitions. A sub-sample of nine competition programs, three from each country, has permitted a detailed analysis of the design assignment. The preliminary conclusion of the study suggests that the socio-political ideas that adhere to the realization of the welfare regime and the resulting type of architecture for ageing with dependency are maintained at the expense of the integration into the system of international findings on a universal space for ageing.

 

Abstract [fr]

Dans la dynamique d’un monde vieillissant, la théorie sur l’état-providence devient pertinente, aussi bien que la réalisation architecturale qui l’entourne. La théorie se base sur le dégré perçu de la démarchandisation dans la société, i.e. les adaptations financières que le sujet doit initialiser afin de préparer pour les stades de la vie ; la santé, la parenté, la formation, la vie professionelle et le retraitement. Les établissement d'hébergement pour personnes âgées et dépendantes (EHPAD) accueillent des gens fragiles. Souvent, on emploie les trois pays nordiques (le Danémark, la Norvège et la Suède) pour représenter une société avec un fort niveau de démarchandisation. Cette étude examine la rélation entre la programmation des EHPAD dans ces pays et la conception de ceux-ci par l’emploi du concours d’architecture. L’échantillon a été établi par des recherches sur l’Internet, y n’incluant que des concours pour la période de 2000-2011. La documentation des concours a été soumise à une analyse littéraire. Les 78 concours ont permis d’établir les manières d’organiser des concours dans les trois pays Nordiques. Une séléction de 9 programmes de concours, trois de chaque pays, a permis d’analyser la présentation de la tâche à réaliser. La  conclusion préliminaire de l’étude suggère que les idées socio-politiques qui adhèrent à la réalisation nationale de l’état-providence et au type d’architecture pour le vieillissement avec la dépendance qui en est le résulat soient conservées aux dépens d’une intégration d’une spatialité universelle pour le vieillissement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Montréal, 2012.
Keyword [en]
Architecture competitions, three Nordic countries (Denmark, Norway, Sweden), organizational forms, ageing, eldercare
National Category
Architecture
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109283OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109283DiVA: diva2:580860
Conference
International Competitions and Architectural Quality in the Planetary Age, CRC + LEAP international symposium, Montreal, Canada, March 16-17, 2012
Note

QC 20130523

Available from: 2012-12-27 Created: 2012-12-27 Last updated: 2013-05-23Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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