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Stretchable and Strong Cellulose Nanopaper Structures Based on Polymer-Coated Nanofiber Networks: An Alternative to Nonwoven Porous Membranes from Electrospinning
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Fibre and Polymer Technology. KTH, School of Chemical Science and Engineering (CHE), Centres, Wallenberg Wood Science Center.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5818-2378
2012 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 13, no 11, 3661-3667 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nonwoven membranes based on electrospun, fibers are of great interest in applications such as biomedical, filtering, and protective clothing.. The poor, mechanical performance is a limitation, as is some of the electrospinning Solvents. To address these problems, porous nonwoven membranes based on nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) modified by a hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC) polymer coating. are prepared. NFC/HEC aqueous suspensions are subjected to simple vacuum filtration: in a Paper-making fashion,, followed by supercritical CO2. drying., These nonwoven nanocomposite membranes are truly nanostructured and exhibit a nanoporous, network structure with high specific surface area, as analyzed by nitrogen adsorption and FE-SEM. Mechanical properties by tensile tests show high strength combined with remarkable high strain to failure up to 55%. XRD analysis revealed significant fibril realignment during tensile stretching. After postdrawing of the random mats, the modulus and strength are strongly increased. The present preparation route uses components from renewable resources, is environmentally friendly, and results in permeable membranes of exceptional imechanical performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 13, no 11, 3661-3667 p.
Keyword [en]
Polyvinyl-Alcohol, Native Cellulose, High Toughness, Surface-Area, Nanocomposites, Biocomposites, Composites, Porosity, Whiskers, Fibrils
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109196DOI: 10.1021/bm301105sISI: 000310931900026Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84869040393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109196DiVA: diva2:582830
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2012-12-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Berglund, Lars A.

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