Range determination for generating point clouds from airborne small footprint LiDAR waveforms
2012 (English)In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 20, no 23, 25935-25947 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper presents a range determination approach for generating point clouds from small footprint LiDAR waveforms. Waveform deformation over complex terrain area is simulated using convolution. Drift of the peak center position is analyzed to identify the first echo returned by the illuminated objects in the LiDAR footprint. An approximate start point of peak in the waveform is estimated and adopted as the indicator of range calculation; range correction method is proposed to correct pulse widening over complex terrain surface. The experiment was carried out on small footprint LiDAR waveform data acquired by RIEGL LMS-Q560. The results suggest that the proposed approach generates more points than standard commercial products; based on field measurements, a comparative analysis between the point clouds generated by the proposed approach and the commercial software GeocodeWF indicates that: 1). the proposed approach obtained more accurate tree heights; 2). smooth surface can be achieved with low standard deviation. In summary, the proposed approach provides a satisfactory solution for range determination in estimating 3D coordinate values of point clouds, especially for correcting range information of waveforms containing deformed peaks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 20, no 23, 25935-25947 p.
Laser Altimeter, Forest, Decomposition, Vegetation
Other Physics Topics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109194DOI: 10.1364/OE.20.025935ISI: 000311340300101ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84869015211OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109194DiVA: diva2:582843
QC 201301072013-01-072012-12-212013-01-07Bibliographically approved