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Do University Units Differ in the Efficiency of Resource Utilization?: a case study of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Economics and Management (Dept.), Economics (Closed (20130101).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9464-213X
(English)In: Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, ISSN 2050-7003, E-ISSN 1758-1184, , 29 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Abstract [en]

The efficiency of universities is attracting increased interest, with most studies comparing the performance between different universities. However, the within-university variation is largely overlooked in the literature. Using data envelopment analysis this paper identifies heterogeneity in the performance of 47 units of a leading Swedish university (the Royal Institute of Technology) in terms of resource utilization. The findings suggest the following:

First, three quarters of the units exhibit similar high performance. Second, the units are more efficient in using resources for research than for teaching. Third, efficiency in research is highly correlated with efficiency in teaching, implying a complementary relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
, 29 p.
Keyword [en]
Technical and scale efficiency, data envelopment analysis, universities
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109515OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109515DiVA: diva2:583006
Note

QS 2013

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2013-01-07 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Essays on University Efficiency Analysis and Entrepreneurship among University Graduates
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis consists of five papers: three deal with the efficiency of higher education institutions (HEI) and two with entrepreneurship among university graduates. The efficiency of HEIs is analyzed at three different levels: units of one university, universities of one country and universities of a group of European countries.

Using data envelopment analysis (DEA) the first paper compares technical efficiency among university units at the Royal Institute of Technology (Stockholm). An interesting result is that there seems to be a complementary relationship between efficiency of resource utilization in teaching and in research.

The second paper applies stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to estimate the cost efficiency of Swedish higher education institutions. According to the estimates, half of the Swedish HEIs have an above average efficiency of 85 percent. The efficiency differences are mainly influenced by the source of funding, HEI size, the number of students per faculty as well as faculty and student compositions.

The third paper analyses the cost efficiency of universities among a set of public higher education institutions from six European countries by means of stochastic frontier techniques. The results suggest small variation in the mean economic efficiency of higher education institutions from UK, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Switzerland, implying that the efficiency differences are not explained by country effects. Instead the variations in efficiency are related to organizational differences.

The two essays on entrepreneurship among university graduates are based on a unique dataset encompassing individual level data on all employees registered in the Swedish labor market. The first paper explores the differences in entrepreneurial choice of graduates from different universities. The main finding from this paper is that the entrepreneurial choice of graduates from internationally ranked Swedish universities systematically differs from others with the difference varying by the area of education.

The second paper on entrepreneurship aims at explaining the high interest in entrepreneurship among arts graduates and finds that the need for self-expression is among the main motivations for their high interest in entrepreneurship. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. iv, 13 p.
Series
Trita-IEO, ISSN 1100-7982 ; 2012:09
Keyword
universities, efficiency, entrepreneurship, education, graduates, arts education
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109298 (URN)978-91-7501-601-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-01-25, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, KTH, Stockholm, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20130107

Available from: 2013-01-07 Created: 2012-12-30 Last updated: 2013-01-07Bibliographically approved

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Daghbashyan, Zara

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