X-ray phase-contrast CO2 angiography for sub-10 mu m vessel imaging
2012 (English)In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 57, no 22, 7431-7441 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
X-ray in-line phase contrast has recently been combined with CO2 angiography for high-resolution small-animal vascular imaging at low radiation dose. In this paper we further investigate the potential and limitations of this method and demonstrate observation of vessels down to 8 mu m in diameter, considerably smaller than the 60 mu m previously reported. Our in-line phase-contrast imaging system is based on a liquid-metal-jet-anode x-ray source and utilizes free-space propagation to convert phase shifts, caused by refractive index variations, into intensity differences. Enhanced refractive index variations are obtained through injection of CO2 gas into the vascular system to replace the blood. We show rat-kidney images with blood vessels down to 27 mu m in diameter and mouse-ear images with vessels down to 8 mu m. The minimum size of observable blood vessels is found to be limited by the penetration of gas into the vascular system and the signal-to-noise ratio, i.e. the allowed dose. The diameters of vessels being gas-filled depend on the gas pressure and follow a simple model based on surface tension. A theoretical signal-to-noise comparison shows that this method requires 1000 times less radiation dose than conventional iodine-based absorption contrast for observing sub-50 mu m vessels.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 57, no 22, 7431-7441 p.
Future-Prospects, Angiogenesis, Retrieval, Agents
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-109639DOI: 10.1088/0031-9155/57/22/7431ISI: 000310838700017ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84869037603OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-109639DiVA: diva2:585018
FunderSwedish Research Council, VR 2009-3142Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, KAW 2011.0136
QC 201301092013-01-092013-01-082015-03-31Bibliographically approved