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On the Formation of Interdendritic Internal Cracks During Dendritic Solidification of Continuously Cast Steel Slabs
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering, Materials Processing.
2012 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 43, no 6, 1488-1516 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study of solidification during the continuous casting of steel slabs, the effect of the different spray cooling conditions on the interdendritic internal cracks formed between the columnar dendrites has been examined by a metallographic study of the slab samples and by performing a set of mathematical analyses. The metallographic study involved plant trials to measure the slab surface temperature within different secondary spray cooling conditions. Also, macro/microexaminations of the collected samples from plant trials, measurements of dendrite arm spacing, and interdendritic distance between the columnar dendrites, as well as a segment length of interdendritic crack, have been performed. The experimental results show that the morphology of the interdendritic cracks described by the segment width and length fluctuate with the distance from the slab surface based on the secondary spray cooling conditions. A one-dimensional mathematical model of the heat transfer, solidification, structure evolution, interdendritic strain, and elementary interdendritic area (EIA) has been developed. This model takes into account also calculating the width of interdendritic crack. The model predictions are in a good agreement with the measurements. The results pointed out also that this criterion can be considered as the most important tool to measure the inner quality of the continuously cast steel slabs. Therefore, it helps also to define the required mechanism and reduction level of hot working deformation to close these interdendritic internal cracks. The formation mechanism of these cracks during the dendritic solidification of continuously cast steel slabs has been discussed and the available solutions have been proposed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 43, no 6, 1488-1516 p.
Keyword [en]
Elasto-Plastic Processes, Eutectoid Carbon-Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Peritectic Reaction, Cooling Conditions, Macrosegregation, Behavior, Model, Transformation, Billets
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-110068DOI: 10.1007/s11663-012-9650-6ISI: 000312342900026OAI: diva2:585535

QC 20130110

Available from: 2013-01-10 Created: 2013-01-10 Last updated: 2013-01-10Bibliographically approved

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Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science
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