Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Is there a place for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) in the Swedish towns and cities?: Applying multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) to evaluate the potential for urban development and transformation along the newly proposed BRT line in Karlstad, Sweden
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Traffic and Logistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1790-0254
2011 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Karlstad as many smaller towns and cities in Sweden developed rapidly in the 20th century, in years of rapid motorization and decentralization. As a consequence it sprawled into archipelago of urban areas along motorway E18. Karstad was designed for the private car and today it dominated by individual mobility. The change from a city for a private car to multimodal public transport cities demands major urban transformation and adaptation efforts and Karlstadsbuss, the public transportation authority in the city of Karlstad, proposed a new BRT line named Karstadsstråk or Karlstad’s Corridor to improve the bus transportation and achieve better integration with the city. In this project I explore the possibility for urban development and transformation along the newly proposed BRT line in the city of Karlstad by using multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) that consider analysis not only the physical constrains, but also the preferences of the different actors in the urban development. The questions are: What is the development potential of the neighborhoods along the new BRT line? How and which neighborhoods can develop stimulated by the introduction of BRT?

 

If we look at the neighborhood scale and on urban development through neighborhood typologies and typological processes, the development potential along the new BRT line in Karlstad is rather limited. But the urban development can happen on small scale. The small scale can be very important in smaller cities where there is a new urban attractor like BRT. If the city of Karlstad wants to have successful implementation of the newly proposed BRT line it is maybe important to rethink urban integration as urban transformation of the city small scale. One solution involves “BRT free development zones” where small businesses and residents, architects and builders from the city can coordinate and develop their own visions of the future city.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-116009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-116009DiVA: diva2:588590
Projects
BRT-TOD – Vilka krav ställer attraktiv busstrafik av BRT-typ på bebyggelsen?
Funder
VINNOVA, 2009-01233
Note

QC 20170810

Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Bus rapid transit (BRT) is an innovative bus system with sophisticated vehicles and inflexible busways integrated in the cities, high capacity and high quality, high speed and frequency, distinctive image and comfort. Many in Sweden believe that is impossible to introduce BRT, even though the Swedish towns and cities can benefit from the image, speed and frequency that BRT symbolizes. The archipelago-like urbanization, urban sprawl and the uncompetitive journey times of public transportation compared with the private car are identified as main obstacles. New questions emerged: Is it possible to transform and adjust the Swedish towns and cities for BRT? What demands BRT? How is transit-oriented development (TOD) applicable in a Swedish context as a policy to integrate cities and BRT?

In this licentiate thesis I investigate the interrelationship between bus transportation and neighborhoods, between BRT and urban form as well as the possibilities to introduce busways and BRT, to trigger TOD and to transform the Swedish towns and cities for BRT. Much has been written about BRT, but seldom by architects or urban planners and designers. BRT and TOD are seen though urban form and processes of urbanization within a morphological tradition established by Kevin Lynch. BRT is represented by paths and nodes that disperse distinctive attractiveness pattern of desirability cores that shape neighborhoods as districts. TOD is about synchronizing the everyday urban life with public transportation systems. BRT-TOD is defined as a policy to recognize desirability cores spread by the different infrastructures of BRT and promote development of urban form within their attractiveness pattern at urban and regional scale. BRT-TOD is discussed as a concept of BRT metropolis in context of the urbanization of Swedish towns and cities.

 TOD is defined morphologically as public transport cities. A public transport city is a city that in its development adapted to specific public transportation systems. TOD is nothing new in Europe or Sweden. To find regularities of the effect of public transportation systems on cities I do a historical overview of the Swedish towns and cities. In the end the position of bus and BRT, public transport cities and TOD and possibilities of future urban transformation of the smaller and larger Swedish cities towards BRT metropolises are discussed in context of today’s “‘system’ of automobility” and widespread car society and the emerging knowledge society and its postmodern fringes of urbanization.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. xvi, 89 p.
Series
TRITA-TEC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 13:007
Keyword
bus rapid transit (BRT), transit-oriented development (TOD), bus transportation, neighborhood, urban form, urban morphology, urbanization
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Research subject
Transport Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128526 (URN)978-91-87353-16-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-09-11, L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:30 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA, 2009-01233
Note

QC 20130917

Available from: 2013-09-17 Created: 2013-09-12 Last updated: 2017-08-10Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(709 kB)3 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 709 kBChecksum SHA-512
4832e9a29a294ce5d101ef14774a519976bf43c83f7d76bcf908e55fe83bbc3e85acc6654653c3d99e2d25be4449d7be5db1f0787747723ecb52424dbf740c40
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stojanovski, Todor
By organisation
Traffic and Logistics
Transport Systems and LogisticsCivil Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 3 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 43 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf