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Plasmonic analog of microstrip transmission line and effect of thermal annealing on its propagation loss
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.
KTH, School of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), Materials- and Nano Physics, Optics and Photonics, OFO.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3368-9786
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2013 (English)In: Optics Express, ISSN 1094-4087, E-ISSN 1094-4087, Vol. 21, no 2, 1639-1644 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We fabricated a plasmonic analog of the microwave microstrip transmission line and measured its propagation loss before and after thermal annealing. It is found that its propagation loss at 980 nm wavelength can be reduced by more than 50%, from 0.45 to 0.20 dB/μm, after thermal annealing at 300 °C. The reduction in loss can be attributed to the improved gold surface condition and probably also to the change in the metal's inner structure. Less evident loss reduction is noticed at 1550 nm, which is owing to extremely small portion of the modal electric field located in the metal regions at this wavelength.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 21, no 2, 1639-1644 p.
Keyword [en]
Annealing, Electric fields, Microstrip lines, Plasmons
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-116128DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.001639ISI: 000315989500032Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84874076489OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-116128DiVA: diva2:588768
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research Council
Note

QC 20130320

Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Fabrication and Characterization of Plasmonic Nanophotonic Absorbers and Waveguides
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fabrication and Characterization of Plasmonic Nanophotonic Absorbers and Waveguides
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Plasmonics is a promising field of nanophotonics dealing with light interaction with metallic nanostructures. In such material systems, hybridizationof photons and collective free-electron oscillation can result in sub-wavelength light confinement. The strong light-matter interaction can be harnessed for,among many applications, high-density photonic integration, metamaterial design, enhanced nonlinear optics, sensing etc. In the current thesis work, we focus on experimental fabrication and characterization of planar plasmonic metamaterials and waveguide structures. The samples are fabricated based on the generic electron beam lithography and characterizations are done with our home-made setups. Mastering and refinement of fabrication techniques as well as setting up the characterization tools have constituted as a majorpart of the thesis work. In particular, we experimentally realized a plasmonic absorber based on a 2D honeycomb array of gold nano-disks sitting on top of a reflector through a dielectric spacer. The absorber not only exhibits an absorption peak which is owing to localized surface plasmon resonance and is insensitive to incidence’s angle or polarization, but also possesses an angle- and polarization-sensitive high-order absorption peak with a narrow bandwidth. We also demonstrated that the strong light absorption in such plasmonic absorbers can be utilized to photothermally re-condition the geometry of gold nanoparticles. The nearly perfect absorption capability of our absorbers promises a wide range of potential applications, including thermal emitter, infrared detectors, and sensors etc. We also fabricated a plasmonic strip waveguide in a similar metal-insulator-metal structure. The strip waveguide has a modal confinement slightly exceeding that of the so-called plasmonic slot waveguide. We further thermally annealed the waveguide. It is observed that the propagation loss at 980 nm has been decreased significantly,which can be attributed to the improvement in gold quality after thermal annealing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. x, 55 p.
Series
TRITA-ICT/MAP AVH, ISSN 1653-7610 ; 2014:02
Keyword
Nanophotonics, plasmonics, fabrication
National Category
Nano Technology
Research subject
SRA - ICT
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-140844 (URN)978-91-7501-995-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-02-27, Sal/hall D, Forum, KTH-ICT, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research
Note

QC 20140203

Available from: 2014-02-03 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2014-02-03Bibliographically approved

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