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Power from wood gasifiers in Uganda: A 250 kW and 10 kW case study
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Industrial Ecology (moved 20130630).
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of Institution of Civil Engineers: Energy, ISSN 1751-4223, Vol. 165, no 4, 181-196 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Wood gasification systems have the potential to contribute to rural electrification in sub-Saharan Africa. This paper presents an operational and economic analysis of two wood-based gasification systems (250 kW and 10 kW) installed in Uganda in 2007. Both systems proved their potential to compete economically with diesel-generated electricity when operating close to the rated capacity. At an output of 150 kW running for approximately 12 h/day and 8 kW running for approximately 8 h/day, the systems produced electricity at USδ0.18 and 0.34/kWh, respectively. A stable electricity demand close to the rated capacity proved to be a challenge for both systems. Fuelwood costs accounted for approximately USδ0.03 kWh for both systems. Recovery of even a small fraction of the excess heat (22%) already resulted in substantial profitability gains for the 250 kW system. Results indicate that replicating successful wood gasification systems stipulates the integration of sustainable fuelwood supply and viable business models.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 165, no 4, 181-196 p.
Keyword [en]
Developing countries, Economics & finance, Renewable energy
National Category
Energy Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-115455DOI: 10.1680/ener.12.00005ISI: 000208870000004ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84870861255OAI: diva2:588836

QC 20130116

Available from: 2013-01-16 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2014-09-23Bibliographically approved

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Furtado, John
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