Pavement unbound materials stiffness-moisture relationship during spring thaw
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Cold Regions Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineering , 2012, 402-412 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
In the study presented here, the mechanical behaviour of a flexible pavement structure and its correlation to the pavement profile moisture condition was investigated during the spring thaw and the recovery periods. The study was carried out based on continuous pavement environmental data measurements as well as frequent Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD) tests during 2010. Measurements were taken on a relatively thin flexible pavement (≤ 100 mm Hot Mix Asphalt, HMA) in southern Sweden where frost penetration of 1.2 m was observed during the winter. Considerable decrease in the pavement bearing capacity was observed as the moisture content in unbound layers increased during spring thaw. Both pavement deflection basins and backcalculated layer stiffness indicated clear correlation with thaw penetration and measured moisture content. Pavement structure was weakest as the thaw penetrated the subgrade. During the same period, highest annual moisture content at the upper part of the subgrade was also registered. Furthermore, using the field moisture measurements and backcalculated layer stiffness, a moisture-stiffness model was developed for granular layers and subgrade. The backcalculated layer stiffness and the pavement moistures measurements fell on a unique curve and showed promising agreement with the MR-Moisture laboratory-based predictive model used in ME-PDG.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Civil Engineering , 2012. 402-412 p.
backcalculation, bearing capacity, cold regions, Falling Weight Deflectometer (FWD), moisture, thaw weakening
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-116835ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872562455ISBN: 978-078441247-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-116835DiVA: diva2:601317
15th International Specialty Conference on Cold Regions Engineering 2012: Sustainable Infrastructure Development in a Changing Cold Environment, 19 August 2012 through 22 August 2012, Quebec City, QC
QC 201301292013-01-292013-01-282013-01-29Bibliographically approved