Half a century of fusion research towards ITER
2013 (English)In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896, Vol. 87, no 1, 018201- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A review is given on plasma physics and controlled thermonuclear fusion research since the late 1950s and up to the present day. Special emphasis is given to various proposed magnetic plasma confinement systems, as well as to the research aiming at the planned International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) project. The latter is based on the tokamak field geometry of a strong toroidal magnetic field, combined with an inductively imposed toroidal plasma current. Experimental and theoretical research has been conducted on the fundamental problems of confinement, equilibrium, stability, plasma transport and plasma heating. During this development two milestones have been passed on the way to ITER, namely the removed threat by Bohm diffusion at the end of the 1960s, and the discovery of the High Mode at the beginning of the 1980s. Finally, some future perspectives are shortly given on this line of research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 87, no 1, 018201- p.
Field geometry, Fusion research, Future perspectives, High modes, International thermonuclear experimental reactor, Magnetic plasma confinement, Plasma physics, Plasma transport, Theoretical research, Thermonuclear fusion, Toroidal magnetic fields, Toroidal plasma current, Magnetoplasma, Plasma confinement, Plasma stability, Research, Tokamak devices, Experimental reactors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-117795DOI: 10.1088/0031-8949/87/01/018201ISI: 000313343100016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84872075018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-117795DiVA: diva2:603133
QC 201302052013-02-052013-02-052013-02-12Bibliographically approved